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Nepal Demographics Profile

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Population
30,327,877 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 28.36% (male 4,526,786/female 4,073,642)
15-24 years: 20.93% (male 3,276,431/female 3,070,843)
25-54 years: 38.38% (male 5,251,553/female 6,387,365)
55-64 years: 6.64% (male 954,836/female 1,059,360)
65 years and over: 5.69% (male 852,969/female 874,092) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53
youth dependency ratio: 44.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.9
potential support ratio: 11.2 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 25.3 years
male: 23.9 years
female: 26.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.98% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
18.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 20.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.424 million KATHMANDU (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 96.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.8 years (2016 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 25.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.8 years
male: 71.1 years
female: 72.6 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.96 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.6% (2016/17)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
30,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 91.7% of population
rural: 91.4% of population
total: 91.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.3% of population
rural: 8.6% of population
total: 8.5% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 91.7% of population
rural: 71.9% of population
total: 75.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 7.3% of population
rural: 28.1% of population
total: 24.3% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever
Nationality
noun: Nepali (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepali
Ethnic groups
Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19% (2011 est.)

note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census

Religions
Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
Languages
Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Bajjika 3%, Magar 3%, Doteli 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, Baitadeli 1%, other 6.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78.6%
female: 59.7% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2019)
Education expenditures
5.2% of GDP (2018)
Maternal mortality rate
186 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
27.2% (2016)
Health expenditures
5.6% (2017)
Physicians density
0.91 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
0.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
4.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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