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Nepal Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
29,717,587 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 29.54% (male 4,578,768 /female 4,198,913)
15-24 years: 21.52% (male 3,250,614 /female 3,145,807)
25-54 years: 37.18% (male 4,987,071 /female 6,061,616)
55-64 years: 6.42% (male 917,342 /female 991,937)
65 years and over: 5.34% (male 785,893 /female 799,626) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 61.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 52.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 11.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 24.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.2 years
female: 25.8 years
Population growth rate
1.09% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
19.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 20.2% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.376 million KATHMANDU (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.8 years (2016 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 26.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 28.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 70.6 years
female: 72 years
Total fertility rate
2.07 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
52.6% (2016/17)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
30,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
900 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 90.9% of population
rural: 91.8% of population
total: 91.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 9.1% of population
rural: 8.2% of population
total: 8.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 56% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 43.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 45.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 44% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 56.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 54.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2016)
Nationality
noun: Nepali (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepali
Ethnic groups
Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19% (2011 est.)

note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census

Religions
Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
Languages
Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Bajjika 3%, Magar 3%, Doteli 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, Baitadeli 1%, other 6.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.9%
male: 76.4%
female: 53.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2017)
Education expenditures
5.1% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
186 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
27.2% (2016)
Health expenditures
6.1% (2015)
Physicians density
0.65 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
4.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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