Flag of Nepal

Nepal Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Nepal

Population29,384,297 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 30.2% (male 4,610,861/female 4,264,580)
15-24 years: 21.73% (male 3,220,431/female 3,164,292)
25-54 years: 36.58% (male 4,847,427/female 5,900,442)
55-64 years: 6.32% (male 897,999/female 959,405)
65 years and over: 5.17% (male 753,771/female 765,089) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 61.4
youth dependency ratio: 52.5
elderly dependency ratio: 8.8
potential support ratio: 11.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.1 years
male: 22.8 years
female: 25.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.16% (2017 est.)
Birth rate19.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 19.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.08% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationKATHMANDU (capital) 1.183 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 27.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 29.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71 years
male: 70.4 years
female: 71.6 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.12 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate49.6% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS32,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,700 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 90.9% of population
rural: 91.8% of population
total: 91.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.1% of population
rural: 8.2% of population
total: 8.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 56% of population
rural: 43.5% of population
total: 45.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 44% of population
rural: 56.5% of population
total: 54.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Nepali (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepali
Ethnic groupsChhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19%
note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census (2011 est.)
ReligionsHindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
LanguagesNepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.9%
male: 76.4%
female: 53.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,467,549
percentage: 34% (2008 est.)
Education expenditures3.7% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate258 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight30.1% (2014)
Health expenditures5.8% of GDP (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Demographics Comparison