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Republic of Latvia
Latvijas Republika  (Latvian)
Anthem: 
Dievs, svētī Latviju!
God Bless Latvia!
Location of  Latvia  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Latvia  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Riga
56°57′N24°6′E / 56.950°N 24.100°E / 56.950; 24.100
Official languagesLatviana
Ethnic groups(2017[1])
DemonymLatvian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Raimonds Vējonis
Māris Kučinskis
LegislatureSaeima
Independence
• Declaredb
18 November 1918[2]
26 January 1921
5 August 1940
10 July 1941
1944
4 May 1990
21 August 1991[3]
• Independence recognized by the Soviet Union
6 September 1991
17 September 1991
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi) (122nd)
• Water (%)
1.57% (1,014 km2)
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,953,200[4] (148th)
• 2011 census
2,070,371[5]
• Density
34.3/km2 (88.8/sq mi) (166th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$53.467 billion[6]
• Per capita
$28,999[6]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$30.176 billion[6]
• Per capita
$17,241[6]
Gini (2016)34.5[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.830[8]
very high · 44th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+371
ISO 3166 codeLV
Internet TLD.lvc
  1. Latvian is the sole official language.[9][10]Livonian is considered an indigenous language and has special legal status.[11]Latgalian written language and Latvian Sign Language also have special legal status.[12]
  2. Latvia is de jure continuous with its declaration of 18 November 1918.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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