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Latvia Demographics Profile

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Population1,862,687 (July 2021 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.32% (male 148,120/female 140,028)

15-24 years: 9% (male 87,372/female 81,965)

25-54 years: 40.41% (male 380,817/female 379,359)

55-64 years: 14.77% (male 125,401/female 152,548)

65 years and over: 20.5% (male 128,151/female 257,471) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 59

youth dependency ratio: 26.1

elderly dependency ratio: 32.9

potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 44.4 years

male: 40.5 years

female: 48 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate-1.1% (2021 est.)
Birth rate8.96 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate14.63 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate-5.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 68.4% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: -0.68% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population628,000 RIGA (capital) (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.5 male(s)/female

total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.3 years (2019 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.93 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.34 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Maternal mortality rate19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.6% (2016)
Physicians density3.19 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density5.6 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.65 years

male: 71.19 years

female: 80.33 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.54 children born/woman (2021 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS5,600 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2019 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.8% of population

rural: 98.2% of population

total: 98.6% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population

rural: 1.8% of population

total: 1.4% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 98.9% of population

rural: 84.6% of population

total: 94.3% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population

rural: 15.4% of population

total: 5.7% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate (2020)

vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis
Nationalitynoun: Latvian(s)

adjective: Latvian
Ethnic groupsLatvian 62.7%, Russian 24.5%, Belarusian 3.1%, Ukrainian 2.2%, Polish 2%, Lithuanian 1.1%, other 1.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2021 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 36.2%, Roman Catholic 19.5%, Orthodox 19.1%, other Christian 1.6%, other 0.1%, unspecified/none 23.5% (2017 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)
LanguagesLatvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4%; note - data represent language usually spoken at home (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
World Factbook, neaizstajams avots pamata informaciju. (Latvian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Education expenditures4.4% of GDP (2017)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.9%

male: 99.9%

female: 99.9% (2015)
Health expenditures6.2% (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 11, 2021

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