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Latvia Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
1,923,559 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.24% (male 150,514 /female 142,580)
15-24 years: 9.16% (male 90,980 /female 85,302)
25-54 years: 41.36% (male 396,677 /female 398,972)
55-64 years: 14.38% (male 123,611 /female 153,007)
65 years and over: 19.85% (male 125,709 /female 256,207) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 23.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 29.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 43.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 40 years
female: 47.3 years
Population growth rate
-1.1% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 68.2% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
634,000 RIGA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.2 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 70.4 years
female: 79.7 years
Total fertility rate
1.52 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
5,300 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 90.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 81.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 87.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 9.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 18.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 12.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Nationality
noun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
Ethnic groups
Latvian 62.2%, Russian 25.2%, Belarusian 3.2%, Ukrainian 2.2%, Polish 2.1%, Lithuanian 1.2%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.3% (2018 est.)
Religions
Lutheran 36.2%, Roman Catholic 19.5%, Orthodox 19.1%, other Christian 1.6%, other 0.1%, unspecified/none 23.5% (2017 est.)
Languages
Latvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4% (2011 est.)

note: data represent language usually spoken at home

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.8% (2015)
Physicians density
3.19 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
5.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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