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Latvia vs. Estonia

Demographics

LatviaEstonia
Population
1,923,559 (July 2018 est.)
1,244,288 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.24% (male 150,514 /female 142,580)
15-24 years: 9.16% (male 90,980 /female 85,302)
25-54 years: 41.36% (male 396,677 /female 398,972)
55-64 years: 14.38% (male 123,611 /female 153,007)
65 years and over: 19.85% (male 125,709 /female 256,207) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 16.3% (male 104,024 /female 98,757)
15-24 years: 8.8% (male 56,755 /female 52,711)
25-54 years: 41.07% (male 258,727 /female 252,304)
55-64 years: 13.63% (male 76,895 /female 92,759)
65 years and over: 20.2% (male 85,900 /female 165,456) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 43.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 40 years
female: 47.3 years
total: 43 years (2018 est.)
male: 39.7 years
female: 46.4 years
Population growth rate
-1.1% (2018 est.)
-0.6% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
12.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female
total population: 0.88 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 70.4 years
female: 79.7 years
total population: 77 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.3 years
female: 82 years
Total fertility rate
1.52 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.6 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2018 est.)
0.9% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
noun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian
Ethnic groups
Latvian 62.2%, Russian 25.2%, Belarusian 3.2%, Ukrainian 2.2%, Polish 2.1%, Lithuanian 1.2%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.3% (2018 est.)
Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
5,300 (2018 est.)
7,400 (2018 est.)
Religions
Lutheran 36.2%, Roman Catholic 19.5%, Orthodox 19.1%, other Christian 1.6%, other 0.1%, unspecified/none 23.5% (2017 est.)
Orthodox 16.2%, Lutheran 9.9%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018 est.)
<100 (2018 est.)
Languages
Latvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4% (2011 est.)

note: data represent language usually spoken at home

Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2016)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2015)
5.2% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 68.2% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 69.1% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.01% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 90.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 81.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 87.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 9.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 18.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 12.2% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 96.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 97.2% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 3.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
634,000 RIGA (capital) (2019)
441,000 TALLINN (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
9 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.8% (2015)
6.7% (2016)
Physicians density
3.19 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
3.47 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
5.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)
5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.6% (2016)
21.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.2 years (2014 est.)
26.6 years (2014 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 23.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 29.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 53.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 24.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook