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Latvia vs. Estonia

Demographics

LatviaEstonia
Population1,944,643 (July 2017 est.)
1,251,581 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.15% (male 151,195/female 143,388)
15-24 years: 9.45% (male 94,779/female 88,952)
25-54 years: 41.75% (male 403,699/female 408,277)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 121,993/female 152,260)
65 years and over: 19.55% (male 124,570/female 255,530) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 16.23% (male 104,130/female 98,941)
15-24 years: 8.99% (male 58,432/female 54,122)
25-54 years: 41.37% (male 261,366/female 256,383)
55-64 years: 13.57% (male 76,591/female 93,194)
65 years and over: 19.85% (male 84,466/female 163,956) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 43.6 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 46.9 years (2017 est.)
total: 42.7 years
male: 39.4 years
female: 46.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-1.08% (2017 est.)
-0.57% (2017 est.)
Birth rate9.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-6.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
total population: 0.88 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.7 years
male: 70.1 years
female: 79.5 years (2017 est.)
total population: 76.9 years
male: 72.1 years
female: 81.9 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.51 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2016 est.)
NA
Nationalitynoun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
noun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian
Ethnic groupsLatvian 61.8%, Russian 25.6%, Belarusian 3.4%, Ukrainian 2.3%, Polish 2.1%, Lithuanian 1.2%, other 3.6% (2016 est.)
Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,600 (2016 est.)
NA
ReligionsLutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)
Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
NA
LanguagesLatvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4%
note: data represent language usually spoken at home (2011 est.)
Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
degree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2015)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2013)
4.8% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 67.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.56% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 67.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 90.8% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 87.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.2% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 12.2% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 97.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationRIGA (capital) 621,000 (2015)
TALLINN (capital) 391,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate18 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2014)
6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.22 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
3.32 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
5.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.6% (2016)
21.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.2 years (2014 est.)
26.6 years (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.5
youth dependency ratio: 23.1
elderly dependency ratio: 29.4
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 53.7
youth dependency ratio: 24.8
elderly dependency ratio: 28.9
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook