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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
(English: "National Anthem")
Location of Afghanistan
Location of Afghanistan
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
Ethnic groupsPashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, and others[2]
ReligionIslam
DemonymAfghan[Note 1]
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialIslamic republic
Ashraf Ghani
Abdullah Abdullah
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Formation
April 1709
October 1747
• Emirate
1823
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,864[5] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
34,656,032[6] (40th)
• Density
49.88/km2 (129.2/sq mi) (150th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$70 billion[7]
• Per capita
$1,888[7]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$21 billion[7]
• Per capita
$572[7]
Gini (2008)29[8]
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.465[9]
low · 171st
CurrencyAfghani (Afs) (AFN)
Time zoneD† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on theright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.afافغانستان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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