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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت  (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان  (Dari)
  • Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
"The National Anthem"
Location of Afghanistan
Location of Afghanistan
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
Ethnic groupsPashtun, Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbeks, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch and others
ReligionIslam
DemonymAfghan[Note 1]
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialIslamic republic
Ashraf Ghani
Abdullah Abdullah
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Formation
April 1709
• Emirate
1823
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
30 April 1978
24 April 1992
27 September 1996
7 October 2001
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,864[4] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
33,332,025[5] (40th)
• Density
49.88/km2 (129.2/sq mi) (150th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$65.295 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,000[5]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$19.654 billion[6]
• Per capita
$600[6]
Gini (2008)29[7]
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.465[8]
low · 171st
CurrencyAfghani (AFN)
Time zoneD† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on theright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.afافغانستان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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