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Afghanistan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population34,124,811 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.92% (male 7,093,980/female 6,869,737)
15-24 years: 22.22% (male 3,859,696/female 3,723,679)
25-54 years: 30.35% (male 5,273,969/female 5,082,972)
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 659,635/female 678,942)
65 years and over: 2.59% (male 407,437/female 474,764) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 88.8
youth dependency ratio: 84.1
elderly dependency ratio: 4.7
potential support ratio: 21.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.8 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 18.9 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.36% (2017 est.)
Birth rate37.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 27.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.77% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationKABUL (capital) 4.635 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.9 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 110.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 118 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 102.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.7 years
male: 50.3 years
female: 53.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate5.12 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate22.5% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS7,500 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 55.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 44.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 45.1% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 31.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 54.9% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 68.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groupsPashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz)
note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai (2015)
ReligionsMuslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 80% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 47%, Uzbek 11%, English 5%, Turkmen 2%, Urdu 2%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi, Shughni, Pamiri, Hindi, Russian, German, French <.5% each, don't know/refused <1%
note 1: data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language
note 2: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them (2017 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.2%
male: 52%
female: 24.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,082,722
percentage: 25.3%
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25.3% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2010-11 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2010/11 est.)
Education expenditures3.4% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate396 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight25% (2013)
Health expenditures8.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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