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Afghanistan Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
34,940,837 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 40.92% (male 7,263,716 /female 7,033,427)
15-24 years: 21.85% (male 3,883,693 /female 3,749,760)
25-54 years: 30.68% (male 5,456,305 /female 5,263,332)
55-64 years: 3.95% (male 679,766 /female 699,308)
65 years and over: 2.61% (male 420,445 /female 491,085) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 88.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 84.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 4.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 21.2 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 19 years (2018 est.)
male: 19 years
female: 19.1 years
Population growth rate
2.37% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
37.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 25.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
4.114 million KABUL (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.9 years (2015 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 108.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 115.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 100.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 52.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 50.6 years
female: 53.6 years
Total fertility rate
5.02 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
22.5% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
7,200 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 55.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 44.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 45.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 27% of population (2015 est.)
total: 31.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 54.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 73% of population (2015 est.)
total: 68.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2019)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2019)
vectorborne diseases: Crimea-Congo hemorrhagic fever, malaria (2019)
Nationality
noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groups
Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) (2015)

note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai

Religions
Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)
Languages
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.)

note: data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language

note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.2%
male: 52%
female: 24.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 10 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2014)
Education expenditures
3.9% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
638 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
25% (2013)
Health expenditures
10.2% (2016)
Physicians density
0.28 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
0.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
5.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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