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Afghanistan vs. Uzbekistan

Demographics

AfghanistanUzbekistan
Population
36,643,815 (July 2020 est.)
30,565,411 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 40.62% (male 7,562,703/female 7,321,646)
15-24 years: 21.26% (male 3,960,044/female 3,828,670)
25-54 years: 31.44% (male 5,858,675/female 5,661,887)
55-64 years: 4.01% (male 724,597/female 744,910)
65 years and over: 2.68% (male 451,852/female 528,831) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 23.19% (male 3,631,693/female 3,456,750)
15-24 years: 16.63% (male 2,601,803/female 2,481,826)
25-54 years: 45.68% (male 6,955,260/female 7,006,172)
55-64 years: 8.63% (male 1,245,035/female 1,392,263)
65 years and over: 5.87% (male 768,769/female 1,025,840) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.4 years
female: 19.5 years (2020 est.)
total: 30.1 years
male: 29.4 years
female: 30.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.38% (2020 est.)
0.88% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
36.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
16.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
12.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 102.6 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 99 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 104.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 111.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 96.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 52.8 years
male: 51.4 years
female: 54.4 years (2020 est.)
total population: 74.8 years
male: 71.7 years
female: 78 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.82 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.74 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2019 est.)
0.2% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
noun: Uzbekistani
adjective: Uzbekistani
Ethnic groups
Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) (2015)

note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai

Uzbek 83.8%, Tajik 4.8%, Kazakh 2.5%, Russian 2.3%, Karakalpak 2.2%, Tatar 1.5%, other 4.4% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
11,000 (2019 est.)
50,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)
Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
<1000 (2019 est.)
Languages
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.)

note: data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language

note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

Uzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

note: in the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic, both the Karakalpak language and Uzbek have official status

 

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 43%
male: 55.5%
female: 29.8% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 10 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2018)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 12 years (2019)
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2017)
6.3% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 26% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 50.4% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 95.9% of population
rural: 61.4% of population
total: 70.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 38.6% of population
total: 38.6% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 96.1% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3.9% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 83.6% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 53.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 16.4% of population
rural: 57% of population
total: 46.8% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
4.222 million KABUL (capital) (2020)
2.517 million TASHKENT (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
638 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
29 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
19.1% (2018)
2.9% (2017)
Health expenditures
11.8% (2017)
6.4% (2017)
Physicians density
0.28 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
2.37 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
5.5% (2016)
16.6% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.9 years (2015 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

23.8 years (2017 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 88.8
youth dependency ratio: 75.3
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8
potential support ratio: 21 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 50.6
youth dependency ratio: 43.4
elderly dependency ratio: 7.2
potential support ratio: 13.9 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook