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Afghanistan
7% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Albania
71.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Algeria
27.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt

American Samoa
12.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Andorra
41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Angola
65% of GDP (2017 est.)
75.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Anguilla
20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda
86.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
86.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Argentina
57.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
55% of GDP (2016 est.)
Armenia
53.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Aruba
86% of GDP (2017 est.)
84.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Australia
40.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Austria
78.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
83.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices

Azerbaijan
54.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bahamas, The
54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bahrain
88.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bangladesh
33.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Barbados
157.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
149.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belarus
53.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belgium
103.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
106% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds

Belize
99% of GDP (2017 est.)
95.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Benin
54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bermuda
43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan
106.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
114.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bolivia
49% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities

Bosnia and Herzegovina
39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.

Botswana
14% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brazil
84% of GDP (2017 est.)
78.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brunei
2.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bulgaria
23.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds

Burkina Faso
38.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Burma
33.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Burundi
51.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
48.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cambodia
30.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cameroon
36.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Canada
89.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
91.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level

Cape Verde
125.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
127.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Central African Republic
52.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
56% of GDP (2016 est.)
Chad
52.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Chile
23.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
21% of GDP (2016 est.)
China
47% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: official data; data cover both central and local government debt, including debt officially recognized by China's National Audit Office report in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, and China Asset Management Company debt

Colombia
49.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities

Comoros
32.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
18.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the
130.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
128.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Costa Rica
48.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire
47% of GDP (2017 est.)
47% of GDP (2016 est.)
Croatia
77.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cuba
47.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cyprus
97.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
106.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment

Czech Republic
34.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Denmark
35.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Djibouti
31.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Dominica
82.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
71.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Dominican Republic
37.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
34.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
East Timor
3.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
3.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ecuador
45.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Egypt
103% of GDP (2017 est.)
96.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions

El Salvador
67.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
66.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt

Equatorial Guinea
37.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Eritrea
131.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
132.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Estonia
9% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds

Ethiopia
54.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
0% of GDP (2015 est.)
Faroe Islands
35% of GDP (2014 est.)
Fiji
48.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Finland
61.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

France
96.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
96.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Gabon
62.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
64.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gambia, The
88% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Georgia
44.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intragovernmental debt or social funds

Germany
63.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
67.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euros; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank

Ghana
71.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gibraltar
7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece
181.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
183.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Greenland
13% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada
70.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
82% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guam
22.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2013)
Guatemala
24.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guinea
37.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guinea-Bissau
53.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
57.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guyana
52.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Haiti
31.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Honduras
39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hong Kong
0.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
0.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hungary
73.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
76% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and national, state, and local government and social security funds.

Iceland
40% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
India
71.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Indonesia
28.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Iran
39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: includes publicly guaranteed debt

Iraq
59.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
66% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ireland
68.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Israel
60.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Italy
131.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
132% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises central, state, and local government and social security funds

Jamaica
101% of GDP (2017 est.)
113.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Japan
237.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
235.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Jordan
95.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
95.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Kazakhstan
20.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kenya
54.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kiribati
26.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Korea, South
39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kosovo
21.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kuwait
20.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan
56% of GDP (2017 est.)
55.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Laos
63.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Latvia
36.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds

Lebanon
146.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
145.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment

Lesotho
33.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Liberia
34.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Libya
4.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Lithuania
39.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions

Luxembourg
23% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Macau
0% of GDP (2017 est.)
0% of GDP (2016 est.)
Macedonia
39.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds

Madagascar
36% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malawi
59.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malaysia
54.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012

Maldives
63.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mali
35.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
36% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malta
50.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central, state, and local governments, and social security funds

Marshall Islands
25.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
30% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mauritania
96.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
100% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mauritius
64% of GDP (2017 est.)
66.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mexico
54.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of
24.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Moldova
31.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mongolia
91.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
90% of GDP (2016 est.)
Montenegro
67.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
66.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Morocco
65.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
64.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mozambique
102.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
121.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Namibia
41.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nauru
62% of GDP (2017 est.)
65% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nepal
26.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
27.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Netherlands
56.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

New Caledonia
6.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
New Zealand
31.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nicaragua
33.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP

Niger
45.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
45.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nigeria
21.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands
7.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
Norway
36.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Oman
46.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: excludes indebtedness of state-owned enterprises

Pakistan
67% of GDP (2017 est.)
67.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Palau
24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015)
Panama
37.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea
36.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Paraguay
19.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Peru
25.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities

Philippines
39.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
39% of GDP (2016 est.)
Poland
50.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Portugal
125.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
129.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Puerto Rico
51.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Qatar
53.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Romania
36.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds

Russia
15.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Rwanda
40.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
62.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Lucia
70.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
73.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
82.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Samoa
49.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
San Marino
24.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe
88.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
93.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia
17.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Senegal
48.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Serbia
62.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
73.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Seychelles
63.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sierra Leone
63.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Singapore
111.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
106.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt

Slovakia
50.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general Government Gross Debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central, state, local government, and social security funds

Slovenia
73.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
78.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the central, state, local government, and social security funds

Solomon Islands
9.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Somalia
76.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
93% of GDP (2014 est.)
South Africa
53% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
South Sudan
62.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
86.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Spain
98.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
99% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sri Lanka
79.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
79.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: covers central government debt and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments

Sudan
121.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
99.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Suriname
69.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
75.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Swaziland
28.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
25.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sweden
40.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Switzerland
41.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM (Government Financial Systems Manual) 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options

Syria
94.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
91.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Taiwan
35.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data for central government

Tajikistan
50.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
42% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tanzania
37% of GDP (2017 est.)
38% of GDP (2016 est.)
Thailand
41.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions

Togo
75.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tonga
48% of GDP (FY2017 est.)
51.8% of GDP (FY2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago
41.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
37% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tunisia
70.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkey
28.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkmenistan
28.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tuvalu
37% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Uganda
40% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ukraine
71% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)

United Arab Emirates
19.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
20.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
United Kingdom
87.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
87.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

United States
78.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
81.2% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital and Supplemental Medical Insurance (Medicare), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intragovernment debt were added, "gross debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP

Uruguay
65.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.

Uzbekistan
24.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Vanuatu
48.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Venezuela
38.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions

Vietnam
58.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Virgin Islands
53.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Wallis and Futuna
5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

note: offical data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

West Bank
24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World
67.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
67.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Yemen
74.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
68.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zambia
63.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zimbabwe
82.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook