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Afghanistan8.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Albania71.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
72% of GDP (2016 est.)
Algeria19.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
18% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
Andorra41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Angola87.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
77.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Anguilla20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda92.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
99.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Argentina53.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Armenia56.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Aruba67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia47.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Austria81.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
84.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan48.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bahamas, The66.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahrain82.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
72% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bangladesh28.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
26.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Barbados108.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
107.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belarus46.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Belgium104.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
106% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize88.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
91.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Benin56.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bermuda43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan93.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
106.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Bolivia51.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina43.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana18.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
18.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brazil78.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Brunei3.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bulgaria28.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burkina Faso32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Burundi40.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cambodia28.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cameroon32.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
30.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Canada98.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
99.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Cape Verde127% of GDP (2017 est.)
123.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Central African Republic42.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chad60.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
59% of GDP (2016 est.)
Chile25.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
China18.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, including debt officially recognized by China's National Audit Office report in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, and China Asset Management Company debt
Colombia53% of GDP (2017 est.)
52% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Comoros26.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the14.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the92.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
83.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Costa Rica66.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire51.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Croatia81.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
83.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Cuba35.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Curacao33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus104.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
107.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czech Republic35.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Denmark35.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Dominica81% of GDP (2016 est.)
83% of GDP (2015 est.)
Dominican Republic47.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
East Timor0% of GDP (2016)
0% of GDP (2015)
Ecuador41% of GDP (2017 est.)
36.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Egypt104.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
111.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador68.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
65.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea23.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
23.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Eritrea113.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
120.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Estonia9.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia60.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
European Union86.8% of GDP (2014)
85.5% of GDP (2013)
Faroe Islands35% of GDP (2014 est.)
Fiji50.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Finland63.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
63.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France96.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
96.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon42.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gambia, The116.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
110.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Georgia44.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany65.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
68.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euro; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana76.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
78.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Gibraltar7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece180% of GDP (2017 est.)
179.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Greenland13% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada84.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
91.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guam32.1% of GDP (2013)
35.8% of GDP (2012)
Guatemala30.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Guinea56% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guinea-Bissau46.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guyana52.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
46.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Haiti33.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Honduras51.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hong Kong43.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Hungary73.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
74.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Iceland47.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
India50.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia33.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Iran14.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
13.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Iraq63.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
55% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ireland69.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
72.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel59.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
60.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Italy131.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
132.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica117.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
127.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Japan223.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
222.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Jordan86% of GDP (2017 est.)
87.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan27.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
26.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kenya52.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kiribati26.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Korea, South43.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
45.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kosovo20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kuwait26.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
17.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan58.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Laos67.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Latvia38.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon142.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
146.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Liberia46.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Libya5.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
7.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Lithuania38.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg19.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
20% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macau0% of GDP (2016 est.)
0% of GDP (2015 est.)
Macedonia47.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Madagascar42.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
35.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malawi54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
56.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malaysia52.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
52.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Maldives81.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
72% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mali28% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Malta52.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
56% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Marshall Islands32.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritania99.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
98.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritius66% of GDP (2017 est.)
65% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mexico51.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of24.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Moldova43.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mongolia91.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
90% of GDP (2016 est.)
Montenegro71.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
69.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco77.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
77.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Mozambique119.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
121.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Namibia43% of GDP (2017 est.)
40.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nauru65% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nepal27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Netherlands59% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Caledonia6.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
New Zealand32% of GDP (2017 est.)
33.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Nicaragua46% of GDP (2017 est.)
45.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Niger45.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nigeria15.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
14.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Norway37% of GDP (2017 est.)
35.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman41.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Pakistan59.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Palau24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015)
Panama38.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
38.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea39.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
39% of GDP (2016 est.)
Paraguay22.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Peru25.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines41.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Poland46.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
48.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal127.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
130.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico91.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
91.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Qatar56.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
55.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Romania38.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia11.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
10% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda47.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis65.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
70.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Lucia82.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines79.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
81.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Samoa52.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
57.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
San Marino21.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe60.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia30% of GDP (2017 est.)
22.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Senegal61.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Serbia71% of GDP (2017 est.)
74% of GDP (2016 est.)
Seychelles56.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
57.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sierra Leone57.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
54.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
Singapore114.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
112.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia51.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
51.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Slovenia78.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
79.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Solomon Islands9% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
South Africa50.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
50.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
South Sudan33% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Spain96.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
99.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Sri Lanka79.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
79.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan54.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
65.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Suriname64.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Swaziland27.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sweden39% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland32.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
32.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria58.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
55.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
Taiwan29.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
31.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan41.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
43.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tanzania35.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
34% of GDP (2016 est.)
Thailand44.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
41.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Togo68.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
71.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tonga45.1% of GDP (2013)
46.5% of GDP (2012)
Trinidad and Tobago65.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tunisia66.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkey29.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Turkmenistan23.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tuvalu53.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Uganda38.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
37.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
Ukraine89% of GDP (2017 est.)
81% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates60.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
United Kingdom90.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
89.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States"77.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
76.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as ""Debt Held by the Public,"" which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital and Supplemental Medical Insurance (Medicare), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, ""gross debt"" would increase by about one-third of GDP
"
Uruguay62.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan15.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
15.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Vanuatu31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Venezuela25.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
39.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam62.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
61.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World59.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
Yemen135.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
119.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zambia62.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
58.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
Zimbabwe75.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook