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Afghanistan34,124,811 (July 2017 est.)
Akrotiriapproximately 15,700 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania3,047,987 (July 2017 est.)
Algeria40,969,443 (July 2017 est.)
American Samoa51,504 (July 2017 est.)
Andorra76,965 (July 2017 est.)
Angola29,310,273 (July 2017 est.)
note: Angola's national statistical agency projects the country's 2017 population to be 28.4 million
Anguilla17,087 (July 2017 est.)
Antarcticano indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 53 countries have signed the 1959 Antarctic Treaty; 30 of those operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region
peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-09)
winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs
year-round stations - approximately 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009)
a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-09)
in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda94,731 (July 2017 est.)
Argentina44,293,293 (July 2017 est.)
Armenia3,045,191 (July 2017 est.)
Aruba115,120 (July 2017 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia23,232,413 (July 2017 est.)
Austria8,754,413 (July 2017 est.)
Azerbaijan9,961,396 (July 2017 est.)
Bahamas, The329,988
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bahrain1,410,942 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 48% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Bangladesh157,826,578 (July 2017 est.)
Barbados292,336 (July 2017 est.)
Belarus9,549,747 (July 2017 est.)
Belgium11,491,346 (July 2017 est.)
Belize360,346 (July 2017 est.)
Benin11,038,805
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bermuda70,864 (July 2017 est.)
Bhutan758,288 (July 2017 est.)
Bolivia11,138,234 (July 2017 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,856,181 (July 2017 est.)
Botswana2,214,858
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bouvet Islanduninhabited
Brazil207,353,391 (July 2017 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territoryno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands35,015 (July 2017 est.)
Brunei443,593 (July 2017 est.)
Bulgaria7,101,510 (July 2017 est.)
Burkina Faso20,107,509
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Burma55,123,814
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Burundi11,466,756
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cambodia16,204,486
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cameroon24,994,885
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Canada35,623,680 (July 2017 est.)
Cape Verde560,899 (July 2017 est.)
Cayman Islands58,441
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2017 est.)
Central African Republic5,625,118
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Chad12,075,985 (July 2017 est.)
Chile17,789,267 (July 2017 est.)
China1,379,302,771 (July 2017 est.)
Christmas Island2,205 (July 2016 est.)
Clipperton Islanduninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia47,698,524 (July 2017 est.)
Comoros808,080 (July 2017 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the83,301,151
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Congo, Republic of the4,954,674
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cook Islands9,290 (July 2017 est.)
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 11,700 in September 2016
Coral Sea Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (2017 est.)
Costa Rica4,930,258 (July 2017 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire24,184,810
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Croatia4,292,095 (July 2017 est.)
Cuba11,147,407 (July 2017 est.)
Curacao149,648 (July 2017 est.)
Cyprus1,221,549 (July 2017 est.)
Czech Republic10,674,723 (July 2017 est.)
Denmark5,605,948 (July 2017 est.)
Dhekeliaapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti865,267 (July 2017 est.)
Dominica73,897 (July 2017 est.)
Dominican Republic10,734,247 (July 2017 est.)
East Timor1,291,358 (July 2017 est.)
Ecuador16,290,913 (July 2017 est.)
Egypt97,041,072 (July 2017 est.)
El Salvador6,172,011 (July 2017 est.)
Equatorial Guinea778,358 (July 2017 est.)
Eritrea5,918,919 (July 2017 est.)
Estonia1,251,581 (July 2017 est.)
Ethiopia105,350,020
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
European Uniontotal: 516,195,432
rank by population:
1. Germany 80,594,017
2. France 67,106,161
3. United Kingdom 64,769,452
4. Italy 62,137,802
5. Spain 48,958,159
6. Poland 38,476,269
7. Romania 21,529,967
8. Netherlands 17,084,719
9. Belgium 11,491,346
10. Portugal 10,839,514
11. Greece 10,768,477
12. Czechia 10,674,723
13. Sweden 9,960,487
14. Hungary 9,850,845
15. Austria 8,754,413
16. Bulgaria 7,101,510
17. Denmark 5,605,948
18. Finland 5,518,371
19. Slovakia 5,445,829
20. Ireland 5,011,102
21. Croatia 4,292,095
22. Lithuania 2,823,859
23. Slovenia 1,972,126
24. Latvia 1,944,643
25. Estonia 1,251,581
26. Cyprus 1,221,549
27. Luxembourg 594,130
28. Malta 416,338 (July 2017 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)3,198
note: data include all persons usually resident in the islands at the time of the 2016 census (2016 est.)
Faroe Islands50,730 (July 2017 est.)
Fiji920,938 (July 2017 est.)
Finland5,518,371 (July 2017 est.)
France67,106,161
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2017 est.)
French Polynesia287,881 (July 2017 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Landsno indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon1,772,255
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Gambia, The2,051,363 (July 2017 est.)
Gaza Strip1,795,183 (July 2017 est.)
Georgia4,926,330 (July 2017 est.)
Germany80,594,017 (July 2017 est.)
Ghana27,499,924
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Gibraltar29,396 (July 2017 est.)
Greece10,768,477 (July 2017 est.)
Greenland57,713 (July 2017 est.)
Grenada111,724 (July 2017 est.)
Guam167,358 (July 2017 est.)
Guatemala15,460,732 (July 2017 est.)
Guernsey66,502 (July 2017 est.)
Guinea12,413,867 (July 2017 est.)
Guinea-Bissau1,792,338 (July 2017 est.)
Guyana737,718
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Haiti10,646,714
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsuninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City)1,000 (2017 est.)
Honduras9,038,741
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Hong Kong7,191,503 (July 2017 est.)
Howland Islanduninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary9,850,845 (July 2017 est.)
Iceland339,747 (July 2017 est.)
India1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.)
Indonesia260,580,739 (July 2017 est.)
Iran82,021,564 (July 2017 est.)
Iraq39,192,111 (July 2017 est.)
Ireland5,011,102 (July 2017 est.)
Isle of Man88,815 (July 2017 est.)
Israel8,299,706 (July 2017 est.) (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967)
note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Italy62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Jamaica2,990,561 (July 2017 est.)
Jan Mayenno indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan126,451,398 (July 2017 est.)
Jarvis Islanduninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey98,840 (July 2017 est.)
Johnston Atolluninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan10,248,069
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2017 est.)
Kazakhstan18,556,698 (July 2017 est.)
Kenya47,615,739
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Kingman Reefuninhabited
Kiribati108,145 (July 2017 est.)
Korea, North25,248,140 (July 2017 est.)
Korea, South51,181,299 (July 2017 est.)
Kosovo1,895,250 (July 2017 est.)
Kuwait2,875,422 (July 2017 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,437,590 for 2017, with immigrants accounting more than 69.5%
Kyrgyzstan5,789,122 (July 2017 est.)
Laos7,126,706 (July 2017 est.)
Latvia1,944,643 (July 2017 est.)
Lebanon6,229,794 (July 2017 est.)
Lesotho1,958,042
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Liberia4,689,021 (July 2017 est.)
Libya6,653,210 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Liechtenstein38,244 (July 2017 est.)
Lithuania2,823,859 (July 2017 est.)
Luxembourg594,130 (July 2017 est.)
Macau601,969 (July 2017 est.)
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 648,55 as of September 2017
Macedonia2,103,721 (July 2017 est.)
Madagascar25,054,161 (July 2017 est.)
Malawi19,196,246
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Malaysia31,381,992 (July 2017 est.)
Maldives392,709 (July 2017 est.)
Mali17,885,245 (July 2017 est.)
Malta416,338 (July 2017 est.)
Marshall Islands74,539 (July 2017 est.)
Mauritania3,758,571 (July 2017 est.)
Mauritius1,356,388 (July 2017 est.)
Mexico124,574,795 (July 2017 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of104,196 (July 2017 est.)
Midway Islandsno indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova3,474,121 (July 2017 est.)
Monaco30,645 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up almost 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Mongolia3,068,243
note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many ethnic Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China (July 2017 est.)
Montenegro642,550 (July 2017 est.)
Montserrat5,292
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2017 est.)
Morocco33,986,655 (July 2017 est.)
Mozambique26,573,706
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Namibia2,484,780
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Nauru11,359 (July 2017 est.)
Navassa Islanduninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal29,384,297 (July 2017 est.)
Netherlands17,084,719 (July 2017 est.)
New Caledonia279,070 (July 2017 est.)
New Zealand4,510,327 (July 2017 est.)
Nicaragua6,025,951 (July 2017 est.)
Niger19,245,344 (July 2017 est.)
Nigeria190,632,261
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Niue1,618 (July 2017 est.)
Norfolk Island1,748 (2016 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands52,263 (July 2017 est.)
Norway5,320,045 (July 2017 est.)
Oman3,424,386 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up almost 45% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Pakistan204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000
Palau21,431 (July 2017 est.)
Palmyra Atollno indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama3,753,142 (July 2017 est.)
Papua New Guinea6,909,701 (July 2017 est.)
Paracel Islands1,440
note: Chinese activity has increased in recent years, particularly on Woody Island, where the population exceeds 1,000; there are scattered Chinese garrisons on some other islands (2014 est.)
Paraguay6,943,739 (July 2017 est.)
Peru31,036,656 (July 2017 est.)
Philippines104,256,076 (July 2017 est.)
Pitcairn Islands54 (July 2016 est.)
Poland38,476,269 (July 2017 est.)
Portugal10,839,514 (July 2017 est.)
Puerto Rico3,351,827 (July 2017 est.)
Qatar2,314,307 (July 2017 est.)
Romania21,529,967 (July 2017 est.)
Russia142,257,519 (July 2017 est.)
Rwanda11,901,484
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Saint Barthelemy7,184 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Helena7,828
note: Saint Helena's statistical agency estimated the enumerated national population (including Ascension Island and Tristan da Cuhna) to be 5,901 in 2016, according to the 2016 census; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2017 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis52,715 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Lucia164,994 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Martin32,125 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,533 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines102,089 (July 2017 est.)
Samoa200,108 (July 2017 est.)
San Marino33,537 (July 2017 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe201,025 (July 2017 est.)
Saudi Arabia28,571,770 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up 37% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
Senegal14,668,522 (July 2017 est.)
Serbia7,111,024
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2017 est.)
Seychelles93,920 (July 2017 est.)
Sierra Leone6,163,195 (July 2017 est.)
Singapore5,888,926 (July 2017 est.)
Sint Maarten42,083 (July 2017 est.)
Slovakia5,445,829 (July 2017 est.)
Slovenia1,972,126 (July 2017 est.)
Solomon Islands647,581 (July 2017 est.)
Somalia11,031,386
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2017 est.)
South Africa54,841,552
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan13,026,129 (July 2017 est.)
Spain48,958,159 (July 2017 est.)
Spratly Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka22,409,381 (July 2017 est.)
Sudan37,345,935 (July 2017 est.)
Suriname591,919 (July 2017 est.)
Svalbard2,583 (July 2017 est.)
Swaziland1,467,152
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Sweden9,960,487 (July 2017 est.)
Switzerland8,236,303 (July 2017 est.)
Syria18,028,549 (July 2017 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Taiwan23,508,428 (July 2017 est.)
Tajikistan8,468,555 (July 2017 est.)
Tanzania53,950,935
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Thailand68,414,135
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Togo7,965,055
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Tokelau1,285 (2016 est.)
Tonga106,479 (July 2017 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago1,218,208 (July 2017 est.)
Tunisia11,403,800 (July 2017 est.)
Turkey80,845,215 (July 2017 est.)
Turkmenistan5,351,277 (July 2017 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands52,570 (July 2017 est.)
Tuvalu11,052 (July 2017 est.)
Uganda39,570,125
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Ukraine44,033,874 (July 2017 est.)
United Arab Emirates6,072,475 (July 2017 est.)
note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,400,145 as of mid-year 2017; immigrants make up more than 88% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2017)
United Kingdom64,769,452 (July 2017 est.)
United States326,625,791 (July 2017 est.)
Uruguay3,360,148 (July 2017 est.)
Uzbekistan29,748,859 (July 2017 est.)
Vanuatu282,814 (July 2017 est.)
Venezuela31,304,016 (July 2017 est.)
Vietnam96,160,163 (July 2017 est.)
Virgin Islands107,268 (July 2017 est.)
Wake Islandno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna15,714 (July 2017 est.)
West Bank2,747,943 (July 2017 est.)
note: approximately 391,000 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2016); approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Western Sahara603,253
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2017 est.)
World7,405,107,650 (July 2017 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1379.3; India 1281.93; United States 326.63; Indonesia 260.58; Brazil 207.35; Pakistan 204.92; Nigeria 190.63; Bangladesh 157.83; Russia 142.26; Japan 126.45
ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Montserrat 5,292; Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,533; Saint Barthelemy 7,184; Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan de Cunha 7,828; Cook Islands 9,290; Nauru 9,642; Tuvalu 11,052; Wallis and Futuna 15,714; Anguilla 17,087
ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Macau 21,346; Monaco 15,322; Singapore 8,572; Hong Kong 6,702; Gaza Strip 4,987; Gibraltar 4,523; Bahrain 1,857; Maldives 1,318; Malta 1,317; Bermuda 1,312
ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Greenland less than 1; Mongolia 2.0; Western Sahara 2.3; Australia 3.0; Namibia 3.0; Iceland 3.4; Mauritania 3.6; Guyana 3.7; Libya 3.8; Suriname 3.8
Yemen28,036,829 (July 2017 est.)
Zambia15.972 million
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Zimbabwe13,805,084
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook