Natural resources

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Afghanistannatural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land
Albaniapetroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land
Algeriapetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
American Samoapumice, pumicite
Andorrahydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Angolapetroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Anguillasalt, fish, lobster
Antarcticairon ore, chromium, copper, gold, nickel, platinum and other minerals, and coal and hydrocarbons have been found in small noncommercial quantities; mineral exploitation except for scientific research is banned by the Environmental Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty; krill, icefish, toothfish, and crab have been taken by commercial fisheries, which are managed through the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources (CCAMLR)
Antigua and BarbudaNEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Arctic Oceansand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales)
Argentinafertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, arable land
Armeniasmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite
ArubaNEGL; white sandy beaches foster tourism
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsfish
Atlantic Oceanoil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales), sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, precious stones
Australiaalumina, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum; note - Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports
Austriaoil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower
Azerbaijanpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Bahamas, Thesalt, aragonite, timber, arable land
Bahrainoil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls
Bangladeshnatural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Barbadospetroleum, fish, natural gas
Belarustimber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay
Belgiumconstruction materials, silica sand, carbonates, arable land
Belizearable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower
Beninsmall offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber
Bermudalimestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Bhutantimber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Boliviatin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower
Bosnia and Herzegovinacoal, iron ore, antimony, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower
Botswanadiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
Bouvet Islandnone
Brazilalumina, bauxite, beryllium, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, niobium, phosphates, platinum, tantalum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
British Indian Ocean Territorycoconuts, fish, sugarcane
British Virgin IslandsNEGL; pleasant climate, beaches foster tourism
Bruneipetroleum, natural gas, timber
Bulgariabauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Burkina Fasogold, manganese, zinc, limestone, marble, phosphates, pumice, salt
Burmapetroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land
Burundinickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone
Cambodiaoil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land
Cameroonpetroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
Canadabauxite, iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, uranium, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
Cayman Islandsfish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Central African Republicdiamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
Chadpetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Chilecopper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Chinacoal, iron ore, helium, petroleum, natural gas, arsenic, bismuth, cobalt, cadmium, ferrosilicon, gallium, germanium, hafnium, indium, lithium, mercury, tantalum, tellurium, tin, titanium, tungsten, antimony, manganese, magnesium, molybdenum, selenium, strontium, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest), arable land
Christmas Islandphosphate, beaches
Clipperton Islandfish
Cocos (Keeling) Islandsfish
Colombiapetroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Congo, Democratic Republic of thecobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber
Congo, Republic of thepetroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
Cook Islandscoconuts (copra)
Coral Sea Islandsfish
Costa Ricahydropower
Cote d'Ivoirepetroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
Croatiaoil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Cubacobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

calcium phosphates, protected harbors, hot springs

Cypruscopper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Denmarkpetroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
Djiboutipotential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
Dominicatimber, hydropower, arable land
Dominican Republicnickel, bauxite, gold, silver, arable land
Ecuadorpetroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Egyptpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
El Salvadorhydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Equatorial Guineapetroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Eritreagold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish
Estoniaoil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Ethiopiasmall reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
European Unioniron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Faroe Islandsfish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Fijitimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Finlandtimber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone
Francemetropolitan France: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish, French Guiana, gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay
French Polynesiatimber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
French Southern and Antarctic Landsfish, crayfish, note, Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) have guano, phosphates, and coconuts

note - in the 1950's and 1960's, several species of trout were introduced to Iles Kerguelen of which two, Brown trout and Brook trout, survived to establish wild populations; reindeer were also introduced to Iles Kerguelen in 1956 as a source of fresh meat for whaling crews, the herd today, one of two in the Southern Hemisphere, is estimated to number around 4,000
Gabonpetroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
Gambia, Thefish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon
Gaza Striparable land, natural gas
Georgiatimber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Germanycoal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land
Ghanagold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Greecelignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
Greenlandcoal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Grenadatimber, tropical fruit
Guamaquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)
Guatemalapetroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower
Guineabauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Guinea-Bissaufish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Guyanabauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Haitibauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsfish
Holy See (Vatican City)none
Hondurastimber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Hong Kongoutstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Hungarybauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Icelandfish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Indiacoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), antimony, iron ore, lead, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Indian Oceanoil and gas fields, fish, shrimp, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules
Indonesiapetroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
Iranpetroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
Iraqpetroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur
Irelandnatural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Israeltimber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Italycoal, antimony, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land
Jamaicabauxite, alumina, gypsum, limestone
Jan Mayennone
Japannegligible mineral resources, fish, note, with virtually no natural energy resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas, as well as the second largest importer of oil
Jerseyarable land
Jordanphosphates, potash, shale oil
Kazakhstanmajor deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium
Kenyalimestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Kiribatiphosphate (production discontinued in 1979), coconuts (copra), fish
Korea, Northcoal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, precious metals, hydropower
Korea, Southcoal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Kosovonickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite
Kuwaitpetroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Kyrgyzstanabundant hydropower; gold, rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc
Laostimber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones
Latviapeat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land
Lebanonlimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Lesothowater, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Liberiairon ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Libyapetroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Liechtensteinhydroelectric potential, arable land
Lithuaniapeat, arable land, amber
Luxembourgiron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
Madagascargraphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Malawilimestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Malaysiatin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Maligold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower, note, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Maltalimestone, salt, arable land
Marshall Islandscoconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Mauritaniairon ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Mauritiusarable land, fish
Mexicopetroleum, silver, antimony, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Micronesia, Federated States oftimber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Moldovalignite, phosphorites, gypsum, limestone, arable land
Mongoliaoil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron
Montenegrobauxite, hydroelectricity
Moroccophosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Mozambiquecoal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Namibiadiamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish, note, suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Nauruphosphates, fish
Navassa Islandguano (mining discontinued in 1898)
Nepalquartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Netherlandsnatural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
New Caledonianickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
New Zealandnatural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Nicaraguagold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish
Nigeruranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum
Nigerianatural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
Niuearable land, fish
Norfolk Islandfish
Northern Mariana Islandsarable land, fish
Norwaypetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
Omanpetroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Pacific Oceanoil and gas fields, polymetallic nodules, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, fish
Pakistanarable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Palauforests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Panamacopper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Papua New Guineagold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Paracel Islandsnone
Paraguayhydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Perucopper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Philippinestimber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Pitcairn Islandsmiro trees (used for handicrafts), fish, note, manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore
Polandcoal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Portugalfish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Puerto Ricosome copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
Qatarpetroleum, fish, natural gas
Romaniapetroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Russiawide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, bauxite, reserves of rare earth elements, timber, note, formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources
Rwandagold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Saint Barthelemyfew natural resources; beaches foster tourism
Saint Kitts and Nevisarable land
Saint Luciaforests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Saint Martinsalt
Saint Pierre and Miquelonfish, deepwater ports
Saint Vincent and the Grenadineshydropower, arable land
Samoahardwood forests, fish, hydropower
San Marinobuilding stone
Sao Tome and Principefish, hydropower
Saudi Arabiapetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Senegalfish, phosphates, iron ore
Serbiaoil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land
Seychellesfish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon trees
Sierra Leonediamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Singaporefish, deepwater ports
Sint Maarten

fish, salt

Slovakialignite, small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land
Slovenialignite, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests
Solomon Islandsfish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Somaliauranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves
South Africagold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas
South Sudanhydropower, fertile agricultural land, gold, diamonds, petroleum, hardwoods, limestone, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver
Southern Oceanprobable large oil and gas fields on the continental margin; manganese nodules, possible placer deposits, sand and gravel, fresh water as icebergs; squid, whales, and seals - none exploited; krill, fish
Spaincoal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
Spratly Islandsfish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential
Sri Lankalimestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land
Sudanpetroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower
Surinametimber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
Svalbardcoal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish
Swedeniron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower
Switzerlandhydropower potential, timber, salt
Syriapetroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower
Taiwansmall deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos, arable land
Tajikistanhydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Tanzaniahydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones (including tanzanite, found only in Tanzania), gold, natural gas, nickel
Thailandtin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Togophosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
Tongaarable land, fish
Trinidad and Tobagopetroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Tunisiapetroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Turkeycoal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Turkmenistanpetroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt
Turks and Caicos Islandsspiny lobster, conch
Tuvalufish, coconut (copra)
Ugandacopper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold
Ukraineiron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
United Arab Emiratespetroleum, natural gas
United Kingdomcoal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land
United Statescoal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber, arable land;

note 1: the US has the world's largest coal reserves with 491 billion short tons accounting for 27% of the world's total

note 2: the US is reliant on foreign imports for 100% of its needs for the following strategic resources - Arsenic, Cesium, Fluorspar, Gallium, Graphite, Indium, Manganese, Niobium, Rare Earths, Rubidium, Scandium, Tantalum, Yttrium; see Appendix H: Strategic Materials for further details
Uruguayarable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish
Uzbekistannatural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Vanuatumanganese, hardwood forests, fish
Venezuelapetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Vietnamantimony, phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land
Virgin Islandspleasant climate, beaches foster tourism
Wake Islandnone
Wallis and FutunaNEGL
West Bankarable land
Worldthe rapid depletion of nonrenewable mineral resources, the depletion of forest areas and wetlands, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the deterioration in air and water quality pose serious long-term problems
Yemenpetroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Zambiacopper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Zimbabwecoal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

Source: CIA Factbook