Home

Major cities - population

Home > Topics > Demographics

Afghanistan
4.114 million KABUL (capital) (2019)
Albania
485,000 TIRANA (capital) (2019)
Algeria
2.729 million ALGIERS (capital), 890,000 Oran (2019)
American Samoa
49,000 PAGO PAGO (capital) (2018)
Andorra
23,000 ANDORRA LA VELLA (capital) (2018)
Angola
8.045 million LUANDA (capital), 787,000 Lubango (2019)
Anguilla
1,000 THE VALLEY (capital) (2018)
Antigua and Barbuda
21,000 SAINT JOHN'S (capital) (2018)
Argentina
15.057 million BUENOS AIRES (capital), 1.560 million Cordoba, 1.510 million Rosario, 1.153 million Mendoza, 971,000 San Miguel de Tucuman, 874,000 La Plata (2019)
Armenia
1.083 million YEREVAN (capital) (2019)
Aruba
30,000 ORANJESTAD (capital) (2018)
Australia
4.870 million Melbourne, 4.859 million Sydney, 2.372 million Brisbane, 2.016 million Perth, 1.328 million Adelaide, 452,000 CANBERRA (capital) (2019)
Austria
1.915 million VIENNA (capital) (2018)
Azerbaijan
2.313 million BAKU (capital) (2019)
Bahamas, The
280,000 NASSAU (capital) (2018)
Bahrain
600,000 MANAMA (capital) (2019)
Bangladesh
20.284 million DHAKA (capital), 4.915 million Chittagong, 963,000 Khulna, 893,000 Rajshahi, 814,000 Sylhet (2019)
Barbados
89,000 BRIDGETOWN (capital) (2018)
Belarus
2.017 million MINSK (capital) (2019)
Belgium
2.065 million BRUSSELS (capital), 1.037 million Antwerp (2019)
Belize
23,000 BELMOPAN (capital) (2018)
Benin
285,000 PORTO-NOVO (capital) (2018); 991,000 Abomey-Calavi, 688,000 COTONOU (seat of government) (2019)
Bermuda
10,000 HAMILTON (capital) (2018)
Bhutan
203,000 THIMPHU (capital) (2018)
Bolivia
278,000 Sucre (constitutional capital) (2018); 1.835 million LA PAZ (capital), 1.677 million Santa Cruz, 1.271 million Cochabamba (2019)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2019)
Botswana
269,000 GABORONE (capital) (2018)
Brazil
21.847 million Sao Paulo, 13.374 million Rio de Janeiro, 6.028 million Belo Horizonte, 4.559 million BRASILIA (capital), 4.115 million Porto Alegre, 4.078 million Recife (2019)
British Virgin Islands
15,000 ROAD TOWN (capital) (2018)
Brunei
241,000 BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) (2011)

note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold

Bulgaria
1.277 million SOFIA (capital) (2019)
Burkina Faso
2.653 million OUAGADOUGOU (capital), 924,000 Bobo-Dioulasso (2019)
Burma
5.244 million RANGOON (Yangon) (capital), 1.406 million Mandalay (2019)
Burundi
954,000 BUJUMBURA (capital) (2019)
Cambodia
2.014 million PHNOM PENH (capital) (2019)
Cameroon
3.822 million YAOUNDE (capital), 3.536 million Douala, (2019)
Canada
6.139 million Toronto, 4.196 million Montreal, 2.556 million Vancouver, 1.513 million Calgary, 1.43 million Edmonton, 1.378 million OTTAWA (capital) (2019)
Cape Verde
168,000 PRAIA (capital) (2018)
Cayman Islands
35,000 GEORGE TOWN (capital) (2018)
Central African Republic
870,000 BANGUI (capital) (2019)
Chad
1.372 million N'DJAMENA (capital) (2019)
Chile
6.724 million SANTIAGO (capital), 975,000 Valparaiso, 869,000 Concepcion (2019)
China
26.317 million Shanghai, 20.035 million BEIJING (capital), 15.354 million Chongqing, 12.968 million Guangzhou, 13.396 million Tianjin, 12.129 million Shenzhen (2019)
Colombia
10.779 million BOGOTA (capital), 3.967 million Medellin, 2.754 million Cali, 2.246 million Barranquilla, 1.313 million Bucaramanga, 1.055 million Cartagena (2019)
Comoros
62,000 MORONI (capital) (2018)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
13.743 million KINSHASA (capital), 2.413 million Mbuji-Mayi, 2.377 million Lubumbashi, 1.395 million Kananga, 1.213 million Kisangani, 1,025,000 Bukavu (2019)
Congo, Republic of the
2.308 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.176 million Pointe-Noire (2019)
Costa Rica
1.379 million SAN JOSE (capital) (2019)
Cote d'Ivoire
231,000 YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) (2018), 5.059 million ABIDJAN (seat of government) (2019)
Croatia
685,000 ZAGREB (capital) (2019)
Cuba
2.138 million HAVANA (capital) (2019)
Cyprus
269,000 NICOSIA (capital) (2018)
Czech Republic
1.299 million PRAGUE (capital) (2019)
Denmark
1.334 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2019)
Djibouti
569,000 DJIBOUTI (capital) (2019)
Dominica
15,000 ROSEAU (capital) (2018)
Dominican Republic
3.245 million SANTO DOMINGO (capital) (2019)
East Timor
281,000 DILI (capital) (2018)
Ecuador
2.946 million Guayaquil, 1.848 million QUITO (capital) (2019)
Egypt
20.485 million CAIRO (capital), 5.182 million Alexandria (2019)
El Salvador
1.106 million SAN SALVADOR (capital) (2019)
Equatorial Guinea
297,000 MALABO (capital) (2018)
Eritrea
929,000 ASMARA (capital) (2019)
Estonia
441,000 TALLINN (capital) (2019)
Ethiopia
4.592 million ADDIS ABABA (capital) (2019)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
2,000 STANLEY (capital) (2018)
Faroe Islands
21,000 TORSHAVN (capital) (2018)
Fiji
178,000 SUVA (capital) (2018)
Finland
1.292 million HELSINKI (capital) (2019)
France
10.958 million PARIS (capital), 1.705 million Lyon, 1.603 million Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, 1.058 million Lille, 1.011 million Toulouse, 957,000 Bordeaux (2019)
French Polynesia
136,000 PAPEETE (capital) (2018)
Gabon
824,000 LIBREVILLE (capital) (2019)
Gambia, The
443,000 BANJUL (capital) (2019)

note: includes the local government areas of Banjul and Kanifing

Georgia
1.077 million TBILISI (capital) (2019)
Germany
3.557 million BERLIN (capital), 1.791 million Hamburg, 1.521 million Munich, 1.108 million Cologne (2019)
Ghana
3.206 million Kumasi, 2.475 million ACCRA (capital), 900,000 Sekondi Takoradi (2019)
Gibraltar
35,000 GIBRALTAR (capital) (2018)
Greece
3.154 million ATHENS (capital), 811,000 Thessaloniki (2019)
Greenland
18,000 NUUK (capital) (2018)
Grenada
39,000 SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) (2018)
Guam
147,000 HAGATNA (capital) (2018)
Guatemala
2.891 million GUATEMALA CITY (capital) (2019)
Guernsey
16,000 SAINT PETER PORT (capital) (2018)
Guinea
1.889 million CONAKRY (capital) (2019)
Guinea-Bissau
579,000 BISSAU (capital) (2019)
Guyana
110,000 GEORGETOWN (capital) (2018)
Haiti
2.704 million PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) (2019)
Holy See (Vatican City)
1,000 VATICAN CITY (capital) (2018)
Honduras
1.403 million TEGUCIGALPA (capital), 876,000 San Pedro Sula (2019)
Hong Kong
7.491 million Hong Kong (2019)
Hungary
1.764 million BUDAPEST (capital) (2019)
Iceland
216,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) (2018)
India
29.399 million NEW DELHI (capital), 20.185 million Mumbai, 14.755 million Kolkata, 11.883 million Bangalore, 10.711 million Chennai, 9.741 million Hyderabad (2019)
Indonesia
10.639 million JAKARTA (capital), 3.277 million Bekasi, 2.922 million Surabaya, 2.558 million Bandung, 2.311 million Medan, 2.28 million Tangerang (2019)
Iran
9.014 million TEHRAN (capital), 3.152 million Mashhad, 2.086 million Esfahan, 1.628 million Shiraz, 1.581 million Karaj, 1.596 million Tabriz (2019)
Iraq
6.974 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.578 million Mosul, 1.325 million Basra, 996,000 Kirkuk, 833,000 Erbil, 847,000 Najaf (2019)
Ireland
1.215 million DUBLIN (capital) (2019)
Isle of Man
27,000 DOUGLAS (capital) (2018)
Israel
4.097 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.141 million Haifa, 919,000 JERUSALEM (capital) (2019)
Italy
4.234 million ROME (capital), 3.136 million Milan, 2.192 million Naples, 1.789 million Turin, 883,000 Bergamo, 852,000 Palermo (2019)
Jamaica
590,000 KINGSTON (capital) (2019)
Japan
37.435 million TOKYO (capital), 19.223 million Osaka, 9.532 million Nagoya, 5.54 million Kitakyushu-Fukuoka, 2.912 million Shizuoka-Hamamatsu, 2.668 million Sapporo (2019)
Jersey
34,000 SAINT HELIER (capital) (2018)
Jordan
2.109 million AMMAN (capital) (2019)
Kazakhstan
1.863 million Almaty, 1.118 million NUR-SULTAN (capital), 1.021 million Shimkent (2019)
Kenya
4.556 million NAIROBI (capital), 1.254 million Mombassa (2019)
Kiribati
64,000 TARAWA (capital) (2018)
Korea, North
3.061 million PYONGYANG (capital) (2019)
Korea, South
9.962 million SEOUL (capital), 3.466 million Busan, 2.783 million Incheon, 2.209 million Daegu (Taegu), 1.562 million Daejon (Taejon), 1.519 million Gwangju (Kwangju) (2019)
Kosovo
207,062 PRISTINA (capital) (2014)
Kuwait
3.052 million KUWAIT (capital) (2019)
Kyrgyzstan
1.017 million BISHKEK (capital) (2019)
Laos
673,000 VIENTIANE (capital) (2019)
Latvia
634,000 RIGA (capital) (2019)
Lebanon
2.407 million BEIRUT (capital) (2019)
Lesotho
202,000 MASERU (capital) (2018)
Liberia
1.467 million MONROVIA (capital) (2019)
Libya
1.161 million TRIPOLI (capital), 841,000 Misratah, 811,000 Benghazi (2019)
Liechtenstein
5,000 VADUZ (capital) (2018)
Lithuania
538,000 VILNIUS (capital) (2019)
Luxembourg
120,000 LUXEMBOURG (capital) (2018)
Macedonia
590,000 SKOPJE (capital) (2019)
Madagascar
3.21 million ANTANANARIVO (capital) (2019)
Malawi
1.075 million LILONGWE (capital), 905,000 Blantyre-Limbe (2019)
Malaysia
7.78 million KUALA LUMPUR (capital), 1.003 million Johor Bahru, 800,000 Ipoh (2019)
Maldives
177,000 MALE (capital) (2018)
Mali
2.529 million BAMAKO (capital) (2019)
Malta
213,000 VALLETTA (capital) (2018)
Marshall Islands
31,000 MAJURO (capital) (2018)
Mauritania
1.259 million NOUAKCHOTT (capital) (2019)
Mauritius
149,000 PORT LOUIS (capital) (2018)
Mexico
21.672 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.101 million Guadalajara, 4.793 million Monterrey, 3.145 million Puebla, 2.411 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.099 million Tijuana (2019)
Micronesia, Federated States of
7,000 PALIKIR (capital) (2018)
Moldova
504,000 CHISINAU (capital) (2019)
Monaco
39,000 MONACO (capital) (2018)
Mongolia
1.553 million ULAANBAATAR (capital) (2019)
Montenegro
177,000 PODGORICA (capital) (2018)
Morocco
3.716 million Casablanca, 1.865 million RABAT (capital), 1.204 million Fes, 1.157 million Tangier, 989,000 Marrakech, 906,000 Agadir (2019)
Mozambique
1.669 million Matola, 1.104 million MAPUTO (capital), 811,000 Nampula (2019)
Namibia
417,000 WINDHOEK (capital) (2019)
Nepal
1.376 million KATHMANDU (capital) (2019)
Netherlands
1.14 million AMSTERDAM (capital), 1.009 million Rotterdam (2019)
New Caledonia
198,000 NOUMEA (capital) (2018)
New Zealand
1.582 million Auckland, 413,000 WELLINGTON (capital) (2019)
Nicaragua
1.055 million MANAGUA (capital) (2019)
Niger
1.252 million NIAMEY (capital) (2019)
Nigeria
13.904 million Lagos, 3.906 million Kano, 3.464 million Ibadan, 3.095 million ABUJA (capital), 2.873 million Port Harcourt, 1.676 million Benin City (2019)
Niue
1,000 ALOFI (capital) (2018)
Northern Mariana Islands
51,000 SAIPAN (capital) (2018)
Norway
1.027 million OSLO (capital) (2019)
Oman
1.502 million MUSCAT (capital) (2019)
Pakistan
15.741 million Karachi, 12.188 million Lahore, 3.385 million Faisalabad, 2.196 million Rawalpindi, 2.169 million Gujranwala, 1.095 million ISLAMABAD (capital) (2019)
Palau
277 NGERULMUD (capital) (2018)
Panama
1.822 million PANAMA CITY (capital) (2019)
Papua New Guinea
375,000 PORT MORESBY (capital) (2019)
Paraguay
3.279 million ASUNCION (capital) (2019)
Peru
10.555 million LIMA (capital), 911,000 Arequipa, 851,000 Trujillo (2019)
Philippines
13.699 million MANILA (capital), 1.785 million Davao, 967,000 Cebu City, 905,000 Zamboanga, 859,000 Antipolo (2019)
Poland
1.776 million WARSAW (capital), 768,000 Krakow (2019)
Portugal
2.942 million LISBON (capital), 1.31 million Porto (2019)
Puerto Rico
2.451 million SAN JUAN (capital) (2019)
Qatar
637,000 DOHA (capital) (2019)
Romania
1.812 million BUCHAREST (capital) (2019)
Russia
12.476 million MOSCOW (capital), 5.427 million Saint Petersburg, 1.65 million Novosibirsk, 1.493 million Yekaterinburg, 1.261 million Nizhniy Novgorod, 1.167 million Samara (2019)
Rwanda
1.095 million KIGALI (capital) (2019)
Saint Helena
1,000 JAMESTOWN (capital) (2018)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
14,000 BASSETERRE (capital) (2018)
Saint Lucia
22,000 CASTRIES (capital) (2018)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
6,000 SAINT-PIERRE (capital) (2018)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
27,000 KINGSTOWN (capital) (2018)
Samoa
36,000 APIA (capital) (2018)
San Marino
4,000 SAN MARINO (2018)
Sao Tome and Principe
80,000 SAO TOME (capital) (2018)
Saudi Arabia
7.071 million RIYADH (capital), 4.522 million Jeddah, 2.005 million Mecca, 1.459 million Medina, 1.225 million Ad Dammam (2019)
Senegal
3.057 million DAKAR (capital) (2019)
Serbia
1.394 million BELGRADE (capital) (2019)
Seychelles
28,000 VICTORIA (capital) (2018)
Sierra Leone
1.168 million FREETOWN (capital) (2019)
Singapore
5.868 million SINGAPORE (capital) (2019)
Slovakia
433,000 BRATISLAVA (capital) (2019)
Slovenia
286,000 LJUBLJANA (capital) (2018)
Solomon Islands
82,000 HONIARA (capital) (2018)
Somalia
2.18 million MOGADISHU (capital) (2019)
South Africa
9.453 million Johannesburg (includes Ekurhuleni), 4.524 million Cape Town (legislative capital), 3.145 million Durban, 2.473 million PRETORIA (administrative capital), 1.242 million Port Elizabeth, 769,000 Vereeniging (2019)
South Sudan
386,000 JUBA (capital) (2019)
Spain
6.559 million MADRID (capital), 5.541 million Barcelona, 832,000 Valencia (2019)
Sri Lanka
103,000 Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) (2018), 606,000 COLOMBO (capital) (2019)
Sudan
5.678 million KHARTOUM (capital), 878,000 Nyala (2019)
Suriname
239,000 PARAMARIBO (capital) (2018)
Swaziland
68,000 MBABANE (capital) (2018)
Sweden
1.608 million STOCKHOLM (capital) (2019)
Switzerland
1.383 million Zurich, 426,000 BERN (capital) (2019)
Syria
2.354 million DAMASCUS (capital), 1.834 million Aleppo, 1.314 million Hims (Homs), 907,000 Hamah (2019)
Taiwan
4.361 million New Taipei City, 2.713 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.218 million Taiyuan, 1.534 million Kaohsiung, 1.302 million Taichung, 843,000 Tainan (2019)
Tajikistan
894,000 DUSHANBE (capital) (2019)
Tanzania
262,000 Dodoma (legislative capital) (2018), 6.368 million DAR ES SALAAM (administrative capital), 1.061 million Mwanza (2019)
Thailand
10.35 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.289 million Samut Prakan, 1.151 million Chiang Mai, 954,000 Songkla, 950,000 Nothaburi, 901,000 Pathum Thani (2019)
Togo
1.785 million LOME (capital) (2019)
Tonga
23,000 NUKU'ALOFA (2018)
Trinidad and Tobago
544,000 PORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) (2019)
Tunisia
2.328 million TUNIS (capital) (2019)
Turkey
14.968 million Istanbul, 5.018 million ANKARA (capital), 2.964 million Izmir, 1.951 million Bursa, 1.75 million Adana, 1.668 million Gaziantep (2019)
Turkmenistan
828,000 ASHGABAT (capital) (2019)
Turks and Caicos Islands
5,000 GRAND TURK (capital) (2018)
Tuvalu
7,000 FUNAFUTI (capital) (2018)
Uganda
3.318 million KAMPALA (capital) (2019)
Ukraine
2.973 million KYIV (capital), 1.432 million Kharkiv, 1.01 million Odesa, 963,000 Dnipropetrovsk, 912,000 Donetsk (2019)
United Arab Emirates
2.833 million Dubai, 1.629 million Sharjah, 1.452 million ABU DHABI (capital) (2019)
United Kingdom
9.177 million LONDON (capital), 2.71 million Manchester, 2.589 million Birmingham, 1.876 million West Yorkshire, 1.667 million Glasgow, 920,000 Southampton/Portsmouth (2019)
United States
18.805 million New York-Newark, 12.448 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.862 million Chicago, 6.245 million Houston, 6.201 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.264 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2019)
Uruguay
1.745 million MONTEVIDEO (capital) (2019)
Uzbekistan
2.49 million TASHKENT (capital) (2019)
Vanuatu
53,000 PORT-VILA (capital) (2018)
Venezuela
2.936 million CARACAS (capital), 2.219 million Maracaibo, 1.885 million Valencia, 1.19 million Maracay, 1.201 million Barquisimeto (2019)
Vietnam
8.371 million Ho Chi Minh City, 4.48 million HANOI (capital), 1.531 million Can Tho, 1.259 million Hai Phong, 1.095 Da Nang (2019)
Virgin Islands
52,000 CHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) (2018)
Wallis and Futuna
1,000 MATA-UTU (capital) (2018)
Western Sahara
232,000 Laayoune (2018)
World
ten largest urban agglomerations: Tokyo (Japan) - 37,435,000; New Delhi (India) - 29,399,000; Shanghai (China) - 26,317,000; Sao Paulo (Brazil) - 21,847,000; Mexico City (Mexico) - 21,672,000; Cairo (Egypt) - 20,485,000; Dhaka (Bangladesh) - 20,284,000; Mumbai (India) - 20,185,000; Beijing (China) - 20,035,000; Osaka (Japan) - 19,223,000 (2019)
ten largest urban agglomerations, by continent:
Africa -
Cairo (Egypt) - 20,485,000; Lagos (Nigeria) - 13,904,000; Kinshasha (DRC) - 13,743,000; Luanda (Angola) - 8,045,000; Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania) - 6,368,000; Khartoum (Sudan) - 5,678,000; Johannesburg (South Africa) - 5,635,000; Alexandria (Egypt) - 5,182,000; Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire) - 5,059,000; Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) - 4,592,000

Asia - Tokyo (Japan) - 37,435,000; New Delhi (India) - 29,399,000; Shanghai (China) - 26,317,000; Dhaka (Bangladesh) - 20,284,000; Mumbai (India) - 20,185,000; Beijing (China) - 20,035,000; Osaka (Japan) - 19,223,000; Karachi (Pakistan) - 15,741,000; Chongqing (China) - 15,354,000; Istanbul (Turkey) - 14,968,000

Europe - Moscow (Russia) - 12,476,000; Paris (France) - 10,958,000; London (United Kingdom) - 9,177,000; Madrid (Spain) - 6,559,000; Barcelona (Spain) - 5,541,000, Saint Petersburg (Russia) -  5,427,000; Rome (Italy) - 4,234,000; Berlin (Germany) - 3,557,000; Athens (Greece) - 3,154,000; Milan (Italy) - 3,136,000

North America - Mexico City (Mexico) - 21,672,000; New York-Newark (United States) - 18,805,000; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (United States) - 12,448,000; Chicago (United States) - 8,862,000; Houston (United States) - 6,245,000; Dallas-Fort Worth (United States) - 6,201,000; Toronto (Canada) - 6,139,000; Miami (United States) - 6,079,000; Philadelphia (United States) - 5,705,000; Atlanta (United States) - 5,689,000

Oceania - Melbourne (Australia) - 4,870,000, Sydney (Australia) - 4,859,000; Brisbane (Australia) - 2,372,000; Perth (Australia) - 2,016,000; Auckland (New Zealand) - 1,582,000; Adelaide (Australia) - 1,328,000; Gold Coast-Tweed Head (Australia) - 687,000; Canberra (Australia) - 452,000; Newcastle-Maitland (Australia) - 447,000; Wellington (New Zealand) - 413,000

South America - Sao Paulo (Brazil) - 21,847,000; Buenos Aires (Argentina) - 15,057,000; Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) - 13,374,000; Bogota (Colombia) - 10,779,000; Lima (Peru) - 10,555,000; Santiago (Chile) - 6,724,000; Belo Horizonte (Brazil) - 6,028,000; Brasilia (Brazil) - 4,559,000; Porto Alegre (Brazil) - 4,115,000; Recife (Brazil) - 4,078,000 (2019)
Yemen
2.874 million SANAA (capital), 950,000 Aden (2019)
Zambia
2.647 million LUSAKA (capital) (2019)
Zimbabwe
1.521 million HARARE (capital) (2019)

Source: CIA Factbook