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Afghanistan
8.478 million (2017 est.)
Albania
1.198 million (2017 est.)
Algeria
11.82 million (2017 est.)
American Samoa
17,850 (2015 est.)
Andorra
39,750 (2016)
Angola
12.51 million (2017 est.)
Anguilla
6,049 (2001)
Antigua and Barbuda
30,000 (1991)
Argentina
18 million (2017 est.)

note: urban areas only

Armenia
1.507 million (2017 est.)
Aruba
51,610 (2007 est.)

note: of the 51,610 workers aged 15 and over in the labor force, 32,252 were born in Aruba and 19,353 came from abroad; foreign workers are 38% of the employed population

Australia
12.91 million (2017 est.)
Austria
4.26 million (2017 est.)
Azerbaijan
5.118 million (2017 est.)
Bahamas, The
196,900 (2013 est.)
Bahrain
831,600 (2017 est.)

note: excludes unemployed; 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national

Bangladesh
66.64 million (2017 est.)

note: extensive migration of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia

Barbados
144,000 (2017 est.)
Belarus
4.381 million (2016 est.)
Belgium
5.324 million (2017 est.)
Belize
120,500 (2008 est.)

note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel

Benin
3.662 million (2007 est.)
Bermuda
33,480 (2016 est.)
Bhutan
397,900 (2017 est.)

note: major shortage of skilled labor

Bolivia
5.719 million (2016 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1.38 million (2017 est.)
Botswana
1.177 million (2017 est.)
Brazil
104.2 million (2017)
British Virgin Islands
12,770 (2004)
Brunei
203,600 (2014 est.)
Bulgaria
3.357 million (2017 est.)

note: number of employed persons

Burkina Faso
8.501 million (2016 est.)

note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment

Burma
22.3 million (2017 est.)
Burundi
5.012 million (2017 est.)
Cambodia
8.913 million (2017 est.)
Cameroon
9.912 million (2017 est.)
Canada
19.52 million (2017 est.)
Cape Verde
196,100 (2007 est.)
Cayman Islands
39,000 (2007 est.)

note: nearly 55% are non-nationals

Central African Republic
2.242 million (2017 est.)
Chad
5.654 million (2017 est.)
Chile
8.881 million (2017 est.)
China
806.7 million (2017 est.)

note: by the end of 2012, China's working age population (15-64 years) was 1.004 billion

Christmas Island
NA
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
NA
Colombia
25.76 million (2017 est.)
Comoros
278,500 (2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
31.36 million (2017 est.)
Congo, Republic of the
2.055 million (2016 est.)
Cook Islands
6,820 (2001)
Costa Rica
2.229 million (2017 est.)

note: official estimate; excludes Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica

Cote d'Ivoire
8.747 million (2017 est.)
Croatia
1.559 million (2017 est.)
Cuba
4.691 million (2017 est.)

note: state sector 72.3%, non-state sector 27.7%

Cyprus
426,600 (2017 est.)
Czech Republic
5.427 million (2017 est.)
Denmark
2.998 million (2017 est.)
Djibouti
294,600 (2012)
Dominica
25,000 (2000 est.)
Dominican Republic
4.732 million (2017 est.)
East Timor
286,700 (2016 est.)
Ecuador
8.086 million (2017 est.)
Egypt
29.95 million (2017 est.)
El Salvador
2.774 million (2017 est.)
Equatorial Guinea
195,200 (2007 est.)
Eritrea
2.71 million (2017 est.)
Estonia
670,200 (2017 est.)
Ethiopia
52.82 million (2017 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
1,850 (2016 est.)
Faroe Islands
27,540 (2017 est.)
Fiji
353,100 (2017 est.)
Finland
2.473 million (2017 est.)
France
30.68 million (2017 est.)
French Polynesia
126,300 (2016 est.)
Gabon
557,800 (2017 est.)
Gambia, The
777,100 (2007 est.)
Gaza Strip
1.24 million (2017 est.)

note: excludes the West Bank

Georgia
1.998 million (2016 est.)
Germany
45.9 million (2017 est.)
Ghana
12.49 million (2017 est.)
Gibraltar
24,420 (2014 est.)
Greece
4.769 million (2017 est.)
Greenland
26,840 (2015 est.)
Grenada
55,270 (2017 est.)
Guam
73,210 (2016 est.)

note: includes only the civilian labor force

Guatemala
6.664 million (2017 est.)
Guernsey
31,470 (March 2006)
Guinea
5.558 million (2017 est.)
Guinea-Bissau
731,300 (2013 est.)
Guyana
313,800 (2013 est.)
Haiti
4.594 million (2014 est.)

note: shortage of skilled labor; unskilled labor abundant

Holy See (Vatican City)
4,822 (2016)
Honduras
3.735 million (2017 est.)
Hong Kong
3.965 million (2017 est.)
Hungary
4.599 million (2017 est.)
Iceland
198,700 (2017 est.)
India
521.9 million (2017 est.)
Indonesia
125 million (2016 est.)
Iran
30.5 million (2017 est.)

note: shortage of skilled labor

Iraq
8.9 million (2010 est.)
Ireland
2.226 million (2017 est.)
Isle of Man
41,790 (2006)
Israel
4.021 million (2017 est.)
Italy
25.94 million (2017 est.)
Jamaica
1.348 million (2017 est.)
Japan
65.01 million (2017 est.)
Jersey
59,950 (2017 est.)
Jordan
2.295 million (2017 est.)
Kazakhstan
8.97 million (2017 est.)
Kenya
19.6 million (2017 est.)
Kiribati
39,000 (2010 est.)

note: economically active, not including subsistence farmers

Korea, North
14 million (2014 est.)

note: estimates vary widely

Korea, South
27.75 million (2017 est.)
Kosovo
500,300 (2017 est.)

note: includes those estimated to be employed in the gray economy

Kuwait
2.695 million (2017 est.)

note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 60% of the labor force

Kyrgyzstan
2.841 million (2017 est.)
Laos
3.582 million (2017 est.)
Latvia
990,000 (2017 est.)
Lebanon
2.166 million (2016 est.)

note: excludes as many as 1 million foreign workers and refugees

Lesotho
930,800 (2017 est.)
Liberia
1.677 million (2017 est.)
Libya
1.114 million (2017 est.)
Liechtenstein
38,520 (2012) (2015 est.)

note: 51% of the labor force in Liechtenstein commute daily from Austria, Switzerland, and Germany

Lithuania
1.467 million (2017 est.)
Luxembourg
282,800 (2017 est.)

note: data exclude foreign workers; in addition to the figure for domestic labor force, about 150,000 workers commute daily from France, Belgium, and Germany

Macau
400,000 (2017 est.)
Macedonia
950,800 (2017 est.)
Madagascar
13.4 million (2017 est.)
Malawi
7 million (2013 est.)
Malaysia
14.94 million (2017 est.)
Maldives
222,200 (2017 est.)
Mali
6.447 million (2017 est.)
Malta
206,300 (2017 est.)
Marshall Islands
10,670 (2013 est.)
Mauritania
1.437 million (2017 est.)
Mauritius
633,900 (2017 est.)
Mexico
54.51 million (2017 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of
37,920 (2010 est.)
Moldova
1.295 million (2017 est.)
Monaco
52,000 (2014 est.)

note: includes all foreign workers

Mongolia
1.241 million (2017 est.)
Montenegro
273,200 (2017 est.)
Montserrat
4,521 (2012)
Morocco
12 million (2017 est.)
Mozambique
12.9 million (2017 est.)
Namibia
956,800 (2017 est.)
Nauru
NA
Nepal
16.81 million (2017 est.)

note: severe lack of skilled labor

Netherlands
7.969 million (2017 est.)
New Caledonia
119,500 (2016 est.)
New Zealand
2.655 million (2017 est.)
Nicaragua
3.046 million (2017 est.)
Niger
6.5 million (2017 est.)
Nigeria
60.08 million (2017 est.)
Niue
663 (2001)
Norfolk Island
978 (2006)
Northern Mariana Islands
27,970 (2010 est.)

note: includes foreign workers

Norway
2.797 million (2017 est.)
Oman
2.255 million (2016 est.)

note: about 60% of the labor force is non-national

Pakistan
63.89 million (2017 est.)

note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor

Palau
11,610 (2016)
Panama
1.633 million (2017 est.)

note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor

Papua New Guinea
3.681 million (2017 est.)
Paraguay
3.428 million (2017 est.)
Peru
17.03 million (2017 est.)

note: individuals older than 14 years of age

Philippines
42.78 million (2017 est.)
Pitcairn Islands
15 (2004)
Poland
17.6 million (2017 est.)
Portugal
5.233 million (2017 est.)
Puerto Rico
1.139 million (December 2014 est.)
Qatar
1.953 million (2017 est.)
Romania
8.951 million (2017 est.)
Russia
76.53 million (2017 est.)
Rwanda
6.227 million (2017 est.)
Saint Helena
2,486 (1998 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
18,170 (June 1995 est.)
Saint Lucia
79,700 (2012 est.)
Saint Martin
17,300 (2008 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
4,429 (2015)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
57,520 (2007 est.)
Samoa
50,700 (2016 est.)
San Marino
21,960 (September 2013 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe
72,600 (2017 est.)
Saudi Arabia
13.8 million (2017 est.)

note: comprised of 3.1 million Saudis and 10.7 million non-Saudis

Senegal
6.966 million (2017 est.)
Serbia
2.92 million (2017 est.)
Seychelles
47,210 (2017 est.)
Sierra Leone
2.972 million (2017 est.)
Singapore
3.657 million (2017 est.)

note: excludes non-residents

Slovakia
2.758 million (2017 est.)
Slovenia
959,000 (2017 est.)
Solomon Islands
202,500 (2007 est.)
Somalia
4.154 million (2016 est.)
South Africa
22.19 million (2017 est.)
Spain
22.75 million (2017 est.)
Sri Lanka
8.937 million (2017 est.)
Sudan
11.92 million (2007 est.)
Suriname
144,000 (2014 est.)
Svalbard
1,590 (2013)
Swaziland
427,900 (2016 est.)
Sweden
5.361 million (2017 est.)
Switzerland
5.159 million (2017 est.)
Syria
3.767 million (2017 est.)
Taiwan
11.78 million (2017 est.)
Tajikistan
2.295 million (2016 est.)
Tanzania
24.89 million (2017 est.)
Thailand
38.37 million (2017 est.)
Togo
2.595 million (2007 est.)
Tokelau
440 (2001)
Tonga
33,800 (2011 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago
629,400 (2017 est.)
Tunisia
4.054 million (2017 est.)
Turkey
31.3 million (2017 est.)

note: this number is for the domestic labor force only; number does not include about 1.2 million Turks working abroad, nor refugees

Turkmenistan
2.305 million (2013 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
4,848 (1990 est.)
Tuvalu
3,615 (2004 est.)
Uganda
15.84 million (2015 est.)
Ukraine
17.99 million (2017 est.)
United Arab Emirates
5.344 million (2017 est.)

note: expatriates account for about 85% of the workforce

United Kingdom
33.5 million (2017 est.)
United States
160.4 million (2017 est.)

note: includes unemployed

Uruguay
1.748 million (2017 est.)
Uzbekistan
18.12 million (2017 est.)
Vanuatu
115,900 (2007 est.)
Venezuela
14.21 million (2017 est.)
Vietnam
54.8 million (2017 est.)
Virgin Islands
48,550 (2016 est.)
Wallis and Futuna
4,482 (2013)
West Bank
1.24 million (2017 est.)

note: excludes Gaza Strip

Western Sahara
144,000 (2010 est.)
World
3.432 billion (2017 est.)
Yemen
7.425 million (2017 est.)
Zambia
6.898 million (2017 est.)
Zimbabwe
7.907 million (2017 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook