Home

Labor force - by occupation

Home > Topics > Economy

Afghanistan
agriculture: 44.3%
industry: 18.1%
services: 37.6% (2017 est.)
Albania
agriculture: 41.4%
industry: 18.3%
services: 40.3% (2017 est.)
Algeria
agriculture: 10.8%
industry: 30.9%
services: 58.4% (2011 est.)
American Samoa
agriculture: NA
industry: 15.5%
services: 46.4% (2015 est.)
Andorra
agriculture: 0.5%
industry: 4.4%
services: 95.1% (2015)
Angola
agriculture: 85%
industry: 15% (2015 est.)
industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Anguilla
agriculture: 74.1%
industry: 3%
services: 18%
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4% (2000 est.)
manufacturing: 3% (2000 est.)
construction: 18% (2000 est.)
transportation and utilities: 10% (2000 est.)
commerce: 36% (2000 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda
agriculture: 7%
industry: 11%
services: 82% (1983 est.)
Argentina
agriculture: 5.3%
industry: 28.6%
services: 66.1% (2017 est.)
Armenia
agriculture: 36.3%
industry: 17%
services: 46.7% (2013 est.)
Aruba
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA

note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade, followed by hotels and restaurants

Australia
agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.1%
services: 75.3% (2009 est.)
Austria
agriculture: 0.7%
industry: 25.2%
services: 74.1% (2017 est.)
Azerbaijan
agriculture: 37%
industry: 14.3%
services: 48.9% (2014)
Bahamas, The
agriculture: 3%
industry: 11%
services: 49%
tourism: 37% (2011 est.)
Bahrain
agriculture: 1%
industry: 32%
services: 67% (2004 est.)
Bangladesh
agriculture: 42.7%
industry: 20.5%
services: 36.9% (2016 est.)
Barbados
agriculture: 10%
industry: 15%
services: 75% (1996 est.)
Belarus
agriculture: 9.7%
industry: 23.4%
services: 66.8% (2015 est.)
Belgium
agriculture: 1.3%
industry: 18.6%
services: 80.1% (2013 est.)
Belize
agriculture: 10.2%
industry: 18.1%
services: 71.7% (2007 est.)
Bermuda
agriculture: 2%
industry: 13%
services: 85% (2016 est.)
Bhutan
agriculture: 58%
industry: 20%
services: 22% (2015 est.)
Bolivia
agriculture: 29.4%
industry: 22%
services: 48.6% (2015 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
agriculture: 18%
industry: 30.4%
services: 51.7% (2017 est.)
Botswana
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Brazil
agriculture: 9.4%
industry: 32.1%
services: 58.5% (2017 est.)
British Virgin Islands
agriculture: 0.6%
industry: 40%
services: 59.4% (2005)
Brunei
agriculture: 4.2%
industry: 62.8%
services: 33% (2008 est.)
Bulgaria
agriculture: 6.8%
industry: 26.6%
services: 66.6% (2016 est.)
Burkina Faso
agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
Burma
agriculture: 70%
industry: 7%
services: 23% (2001 est.)
Burundi
agriculture: 93.6%
industry: 2.3%
services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Cambodia
agriculture: 48.7%
industry: 19.9%
services: 31.5% (2013 est.)
Cameroon
agriculture: 70%
industry: 13%
services: 17% (2001 est.)
Canada
agriculture: 2%
industry: 13%
services: 6%
industry and services: 76%
manufacturing: 3% (2006 est.)
Cayman Islands
agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 19.1%
services: 79% (2008 est.)
Chad
agriculture: 80%
industry: 20% (2006 est.)
Chile
agriculture: 9.2%
industry: 23.7%
services: 67.1% (2013)
China
agriculture: 27.7%
industry: 28.8%
services: 43.5% (2016 est.)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

note: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism is the other main source of employment

Colombia
agriculture: 17%
industry: 21%
services: 62% (2011 est.)
Comoros
agriculture: 80%
industry: 20% (1996 est.)
industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Congo, Republic of the
agriculture: 35.4%
industry: 20.6%
services: 44% (2005 est.)
Cook Islands
agriculture: 29%
industry: 15%
services: 56% (1995)
Costa Rica
agriculture: 14%
industry: 22%
services: 64% (2006 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire
agriculture: 68% (2007 est.)
Croatia
agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 27.3%
services: 70.8% (2017 est.)
Cuba
agriculture: 18%
industry: 10%
services: 72% (2016 est.)
Cyprus
agriculture: 3.8%
industry: 15.2%
services: 81% (2014 est.)
Czech Republic
agriculture: 2.8%
industry: 38%
services: 59.2% (2015)
Denmark
agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 18.3%
services: 79.3% (2016 est.)
Djibouti
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Dominica
agriculture: 40%
industry: 32%
services: 28% (2002 est.)
Dominican Republic
agriculture: 14.4%
industry: 20.8% (2014)
services: 64.7% (2014 est.)
East Timor
agriculture: 41%
industry: 13%
services: 45.1% (2013)
Ecuador
agriculture: 26.1%
industry: 18.4%
services: 55.5% (2017 est.)
Egypt
agriculture: 25.8%
industry: 25.1%
services: 49.1% (2015 est.)
El Salvador
agriculture: 21%
industry: 20%
services: 58% (2011 est.)
Eritrea
agriculture: 80%
industry: 20% (2004 est.)
Estonia
agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 20.5%
services: 76.8% (2017 est.)
Ethiopia
agriculture: 72.7%
industry: 7.4%
services: 19.9% (2013 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
agriculture: 41%
industry: 24.5%
services: 34.5% (2015 est.)
Faroe Islands
agriculture: 15%
industry: 15%
services: 70% (December 2016 est.)
Fiji
agriculture: 44.2%
industry: 14.3%
services: 41.6% (2011)
Finland
agriculture: 4%
industry: 20.7%
services: 75.3% (2017 est.)
France
agriculture: 2.8% (2016 est.)
industry: 20% (2016 est.)
services: 77.2% (2016 est.)
French Polynesia
agriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2013 est.)
Gabon
agriculture: 64%
industry: 12%
services: 24% (2005 est.)
Gambia, The
agriculture: 75%
industry: 19%
services: 6% (1996 est.)
Gaza Strip
agriculture: 5.2%
industry: 10%
services: 84.8% (2015 est.)

note: data exclude the West Bank

Georgia
agriculture: 55.6%
industry: 8.9%
services: 35.5% (2006 est.)
Germany
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 24.2%
services: 74.3% (2016)
Ghana
agriculture: 44.7%
industry: 14.4%
services: 40.9% (2013 est.)
Gibraltar
agriculture: NEGL
industry: 1.8%
services: 98.2% (2014 est.)
Greece
agriculture: 12.6%
industry: 15%
services: 72.4% (30 October 2015 est.)
Greenland
agriculture: 15.9%
industry: 10.1%
services: 73.9% (2015 est.)
Grenada
agriculture: 11%
industry: 20%
services: 69% (2008 est.)
Guam
agriculture: 0.3%
industry: 21.6%
services: 78.1% (2013 est.)
Guatemala
agriculture: 31.4%
industry: 12.8%
services: 55.8% (2017 est.)
Guinea
agriculture: 76%
industry: 24% (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissau
agriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Guyana
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Haiti
agriculture: 38.1%
industry: 11.5%
services: 50.4% (2010)
Holy See (Vatican City)

note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican

Honduras
agriculture: 39.2%
industry: 20.9%
services: 39.8% (2005 est.)
Hong Kong
agriculture: 3.8% (2013 est.)
industry: 2% (2016 est.)
services: 54.5% (2016 est.)
industry and services: 12.5% (2013 est.)
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 10.1% (2013)
manufacturing: 17.1% (2013 est.)

note: above data exclude public sector

Hungary
agriculture: 4.9%
industry: 30.3%
services: 64.5% (2015 est.)
Iceland
agriculture: 4.8%
industry: 22.2%
services: 73% (2008)
India
agriculture: 47%
industry: 22%
services: 31% (FY 2014 est.)
Indonesia
agriculture: 32%
industry: 21%
services: 47% (2016 est.)
Iran
agriculture: 16.3%
industry: 35.1%
services: 48.6% (2013 est.)
Iraq
agriculture: 21.6%
industry: 18.7%
services: 59.8% (2008 est.)
Ireland
agriculture: 5%
industry: 11%
services: 84% (2015 est.)
Isle of Man
manufacturing: 5% (2006 est.)
construction: 8% (2006 est.)
tourism: 1% (2006 est.)
transport and communications: 9% (2006 est.)
agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2% (2006 est.)
gas, electricity, and water: 1% (2006 est.)
wholesale and retail distribution: 11% (2006 est.)
professional and scientific services: 20% (2006 est.)
public administration: 7% (2006 est.)
banking and finance: 23% (2006 est.)
entertainment and catering: 5% (2006 est.)
miscellaneous services: 8% (2006 est.)
Israel
agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 17.3%
services: 81.6% (2015 est.)
Italy
agriculture: 3.9%
industry: 28.3%
services: 67.8% (2011)
Jamaica
agriculture: 16.1%
industry: 16%
services: 67.9% (2017)
Japan
agriculture: 2.9%
industry: 26.2%
services: 70.9% (February 2015 est.)
Jersey
agriculture: 3%
industry: 12%
services: 85% (2014 est.)
Jordan
agriculture: 2%
industry: 20%
services: 78% (2013 est.)
Kazakhstan
agriculture: 18.1%
industry: 20.4%
services: 61.6% (2017 est.)
Kenya
agriculture: 61.1%
industry: 6.7%
services: 32.2% (2005 est.)
Kiribati
agriculture: 15%
industry: 10%
services: 75% (2010)
Korea, North
agriculture: 37%
industry: 63% (2008 est.)
Korea, South
agriculture: 4.8%
industry: 24.6%
services: 70.6% (2017 est.)
Kosovo
agriculture: 4.4%
industry: 17.4%
services: 78.2% (2017 est.)
Kuwait
agriculture: NA
industry: NA
services: NA
Kyrgyzstan
agriculture: 48%
industry: 12.5%
services: 39.5% (2005 est.)
Laos
agriculture: 73.1%
industry: 6.1%
services: 20.6% (2012 est.)
Latvia
agriculture: 7.7%
industry: 24.1%
services: 68.1% (2016 est.)
Lebanon
agriculture: 39% NA (2009 est.)
industry: NA
services: NA
Lesotho
agriculture: 86%
industry and services: 14% (2002 est.)

note: most of the resident population is engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa

Liberia
agriculture: 70%
industry: 8%
services: 22% (2000 est.)
Libya
agriculture: 17%
industry: 23%
services: 59% (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein
agriculture: 0.8%
industry: 36.9%
services: 62.3% (2015)
Lithuania
agriculture: 9.1%
industry: 25.2%
services: 65.8% (2015 est.)
Luxembourg
agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 20%
services: 78.9% (2013 est.)
Macau
agriculture: 2.5%
industry: 9.8%
services: 4.4%
industry and services: 12.4%
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 15%
manufacturing: 25.9%
construction: 7.1%
transportation and utilities: 2.6%
commerce: 20.3% (2013 est.)
Macedonia
agriculture: 16.2%
industry: 29.2%
services: 54.5% (2017 est.)
Malawi
agriculture: 76.9%
industry: 4.1%
services: 19% (2013 est.)
Malaysia
agriculture: 11%
industry: 36%
services: 53% (2012 est.)
Maldives
agriculture: 7.7%
industry: 22.8%
services: 69.5% (2017 est.)
Mali
agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2005 est.)
Malta
agriculture: 1.6%
industry: 20.7%
services: 77.7% (2016 est.)
Marshall Islands
agriculture: 11%
industry: 16.3%
services: 72.7% (2011 est.)
Mauritania
agriculture: 50%
industry: 1.9%
services: 48.1% (2014 est.)
Mauritius
agriculture: 8%
industry: 29.8%
services: 62.2% (2014 est.)
Mexico
agriculture: 13.4%
industry: 24.1%
services: 61.9% (2011)
Micronesia, Federated States of
agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 5.2%
services: 93.9% (2013 est.)

note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees

Moldova
agriculture: 32.3%
industry: 12%
services: 55.7% (2017 est.)
Monaco
agriculture: 0%
industry: 16.1%
services: 83.9% (2012 est.)
Mongolia
agriculture: 31.1%
industry: 18.5%
services: 50.5% (2016)
Montenegro
agriculture: 7.9%
industry: 17.1%
services: 75% (2017 est.)
Montserrat
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 12.7%
services: 85.9% (2017 est.)
Morocco
agriculture: 39.1%
industry: 20.3%
services: 40.5% (2014 est.)
Mozambique
agriculture: 74.4%
industry: 3.9%
services: 21.7% (2015 est.)
Namibia
agriculture: 31%
industry: 14%
services: 54% (2013 est.)

note: about half of Namibia's people are unemployed while about two-thirds live in rural areas; roughly two-thirds of rural dwellers rely on subsistence agriculture

Nauru

note: most of the labor force is employed in phosphate mining, public administration, education, and transportation

Nepal
agriculture: 69%
industry: 12%
services: 19% (2015 est.)
Netherlands
agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 17.2%
services: 81.6% (2015 est.)
New Caledonia
agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 22.4%
services: 74.9% (2010)
New Zealand
agriculture: 6.6%
industry: 20.7%
services: 72.7% (2017 est.)
Nicaragua
agriculture: 31%
industry: 18%
services: 50% (2011 est.)
Niger
agriculture: 79.2%
industry: 3.3%
services: 17.5% (2012 est.)
Nigeria
agriculture: 70%
industry: 10%
services: 20% (1999 est.)
Niue

note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board

Norfolk Island
agriculture: 6%
industry: 14%
services: 80% (2006 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands
agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 10%
services: 88.1% (2010 est.)
Norway
agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 19.3%
services: 78.6% (2016 est.)
Oman
agriculture: 4.7% NA
industry: 49.6% NA
services: 45% NA (2016 est.)
Pakistan
agriculture: 42.3%
industry: 22.6%
services: 35.1% (FY2015 est.)
Palau
agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 12.4%
services: 86.4% (2016)
Panama
agriculture: 17%
industry: 18.6%
services: 64.4% (2009 est.)
Papua New Guinea
agriculture: 85%
industry: NA
services: NA
Paraguay
agriculture: 26.5%
industry: 18.5%
services: 55% (2008)
Peru
agriculture: 25.8%
industry: 17.4%
services: 56.8% (2011)
Philippines
agriculture: 25.4%
industry: 18.3%
services: 56.3% (2017 est.)
Pitcairn Islands

note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing

Poland
agriculture: 11.5%
industry: 30.4%
services: 57.6% (2015)
Portugal
agriculture: 8.6%
industry: 23.9%
services: 67.5% (2014 est.)
Puerto Rico
agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 19%
services: 79% (2005 est.)
Romania
agriculture: 28.3%
industry: 28.9%
services: 42.8% (2014)
Russia
agriculture: 9.4%
industry: 27.6%
services: 63% (2016 est.)
Rwanda
agriculture: 75.3%
industry: 6.7%
services: 18% (2012 est.)
Saint Helena
agriculture: 6%
industry: 48%
services: 46% (1987 est.)
Saint Lucia
agriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Saint Martin
85 directly or indirectly employed in tourist industry
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Samoa
agriculture: 65%
industry: 6%
services: 29% (2015 est.)
San Marino
agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 33.5%
services: 66.3% (September 2013 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe
agriculture: 26.1%
industry: 21.4%
services: 52.5% (2014 est.)
Saudi Arabia
agriculture: 6.7%
industry: 21.4%
services: 71.9% (2005 est.)
Senegal
agriculture: 77.5%
industry: 22.5%
industry and services: 22.5% (2007 est.)
Serbia
agriculture: 19.4%
industry: 24.5%
services: 56.1% (2017 est.)
Seychelles
agriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2006)
Sierra Leone
agriculture: 61.1%
industry: 5.5%
services: 33.4% (2014 est.)
Singapore
agriculture: 0.7%
industry: 25.6%
services: 73.7% (2017)

note: excludes non-residents

Slovakia
agriculture: 3.9%
industry: 22.7%
services: 73.4% (2015)
Slovenia
agriculture: 5.5%
industry: 31.2%
services: 63.3% (2017 est.)
Solomon Islands
agriculture: 75%
industry: 5%
services: 20% (2000 est.)
Somalia
agriculture: 71%
industry: 29%
industry and services: 29% (1975)
South Africa
agriculture: 4.6%
industry: 23.5%
services: 71.9% (2014 est.)
Spain
agriculture: 4.2%
industry: 24%
services: 71.7% (2009)
Sri Lanka
agriculture: 27%
industry: 26%
services: 47% (31 December 2016)
Sudan
agriculture: 80%
industry: 7%
services: 13% (1998 est.)
Suriname
agriculture: 11.2%
industry: 19.5%
services: 69.3% (2010)
Swaziland
agriculture: 10.7%
industry: 30.4%
services: 58.9% (2014 est.)
Sweden
agriculture: 2%
industry: 12%
services: 86% (2014 est.)
Switzerland
agriculture: 3.3%
industry: 19.8%
services: 76.9% (2015)
Syria
agriculture: 17%
industry: 16%
services: 67% (2008 est.)
Taiwan
agriculture: 4.9%
industry: 35.9%
services: 59.2% (2016 est.)
Tajikistan
agriculture: 43%
industry: 10.6%
services: 46.4% (2016 est.)
Tanzania
agriculture: 66.9%
industry: 6.4%
services: 26.6% (2014 est.)
Thailand
agriculture: 31.8%
industry: 16.7%
services: 51.5% (2015 est.)
Togo
agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (1998 est.)
Tonga
agriculture: 2,006% (2006 est.)
industry: 27.5% (2006 est.)
services: 2,006% (2006 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago
agriculture: 3.1%
industry: 11.5%
services: 85.4% (2016 est.)
Tunisia
agriculture: 14.8%
industry: 33.2%
services: 51.7% (2014 est.)
Turkey
agriculture: 18.4%
industry: 26.6%
services: 54.9% (2016)
Turkmenistan
agriculture: 48.2%
industry: 14%
services: 37.8% (2004 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands

note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services

Tuvalu

note: most people make a living through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls - and through overseas remittances (mostly from workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)

Uganda
agriculture: 71%
industry: 7%
services: 22% (2013 est.)
Ukraine
agriculture: 5.8%
industry: 26.5%
services: 67.8% (2014)
United Arab Emirates
agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
United Kingdom
agriculture: 1.3%
industry: 15.2%
services: 83.5% (2014 est.)
United States
agriculture: 0.7% (2009)
industry: 20.3% (2009)
services: 37.3% (2009)
industry and services: 24.2% (2009)
manufacturing: 17.6% (2009)
farming, forestry, and fishing: 0.7% (2009)
manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts: 20.3% (2009)
managerial, professional, and technical: 37.3% (2009)
sales and office: 24.2% (2009)
other services: 17.6% (2009)

note: figures exclude the unemployed

Uruguay
agriculture: 13%
industry: 14%
services: 73% (2010 est.)
Uzbekistan
agriculture: 25.9%
industry: 13.2%
services: 60.9% (2012 est.)
Vanuatu
agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Venezuela
agriculture: 7.3%
industry: 21.8%
services: 70.9% (4th quarter, 2011 est.)
Vietnam
agriculture: 40.3%
industry: 25.7%
services: 34% (2017)
Virgin Islands
agriculture: 1%
industry: 19%
services: 80% (2003 est.)
Wallis and Futuna
agriculture: 74%
industry: 3%
services: 23% (2015 est.)
West Bank
agriculture: 11.5%
industry: 34.4%
services: 54.1% (2013 est.)

note: excludes Gaza Strip

Western Sahara
agriculture: 50%
industry: 50%
industry and services: 50% (2005 est.)
World
agriculture: 31%
industry: 23.5%
services: 45.5% (2014 est.)
Yemen

note: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force

Zambia
agriculture: 54.8%
industry: 9.9%
services: 35.3% (2017 est.)
Zimbabwe
agriculture: 67.5%
industry: 7.3%
services: 25.2% (2017 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook