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Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

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Afghanistan$6.477 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$6.232 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Albania$3.274 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.109 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Algeria$97.67 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$114.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Angola$18.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$23.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Argentina$52.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$38.43 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Armenia$2.242 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.204 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Australia$60.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$55.07 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Austria$23.36 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$22.24 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Azerbaijan$8.886 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.142 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bahamas, The$922.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.002 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bahrain$2.166 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.094 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bangladesh$33.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$32.28 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Barbados$407.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$431.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Belarus$5.059 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.927 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Belgium$23.57 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$24.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Belize$368.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$376.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Benin$60.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$57.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Bolivia$8.287 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.08 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina$5.37 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$5.137 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Botswana$7.476 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.189 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Brazil$377.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$365 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Bulgaria$27.52 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.19 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Burkina Faso$45.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$50.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Burma$5.032 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.63 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Burundi$79.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$95.17 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Cambodia$11.29 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.122 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cameroon$2.357 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Canada$85.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$82.72 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cape Verde$589.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$572.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Chad$74.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$20.92 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Chile$39.11 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$40.49 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
China$3.194 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.098 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
Colombia$46.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$46.18 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the$444.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$708.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the$813.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$727.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Costa Rica$7.523 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.574 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire$4.688 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.935 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Croatia$15.53 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$14.24 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cuba$12.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$12.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Cyprus$879.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$817.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Czech Republic$161 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$85.73 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Denmark$68.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$64.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Dominica$150 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$221.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Dominican Republic$6.233 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.134 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Ecuador$3.935 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.178 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Egypt$34.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$23.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
El Salvador$3.067 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.238 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Equatorial Guinea$140.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$62.31 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Eritrea$236.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$218.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Estonia$389.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$352.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Ethiopia$3.147 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.022 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
European Union$740.9 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$746.9 billion (31 December 2013)
note: data are for the European Central Bank
Fiji$966.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$908.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Finland$10.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.48 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
France$146.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$138.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Gabon$834.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$804.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Gambia, The$22.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$87.64 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Gaza Strip$312.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Georgia$2.945 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.756 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Germany$185.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$173.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Ghana$7.345 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.162 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Greece$6.893 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$6.026 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Grenada$207.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$198 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Guatemala$10.05 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.156 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Guinea$416.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$383.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Guyana$607.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$581 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Haiti$2.044 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.11 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Honduras$4.46 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.814 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Hong Kong$398.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$386.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Hungary$27.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.82 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iceland$6.14 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.226 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
India$407.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$359.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Indonesia$122.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$116.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iran$132.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$133.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Iraq$47.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$45.36 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Ireland$3.591 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.203 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Israel$113 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$95.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Italy$136 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$130.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Jamaica$3.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.291 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Japan$1.217 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.233 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
Jordan$15.98 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$15.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kazakhstan$31.44 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$29.53 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kenya$7.592 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.601 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kiribati$7.479 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$8.37 million (31 December 2010 est.)
Korea, South$374.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$371.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kosovo$NA
Kuwait$33.13 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$31.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Kyrgyzstan$2.411 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.97 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Laos$989.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$940.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Latvia$3.595 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.514 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lebanon$53.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$54.04 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lesotho$983 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$925.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Libya$69.35 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$66.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Lithuania$2.602 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.697 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Luxembourg$1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$974 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Macau$19.49 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$18.89 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: the Fiscal Reserves Act that came into force on 1 January 2012 requires the fiscal reserves to be separated from the foreign exchange reserves and to be managed separately; the transfer of assets took place in February 2012
Macedonia$2.794 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.755 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Madagascar$1.141 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.184 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Malawi$613.5 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$563.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Malaysia$97.44 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$94.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Maldives$565.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$627.4 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Malta$671.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$677.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Mauritius$5.068 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.967 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Mexico$189.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$178.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: Mexico also maintains access to an $88 million Flexible Credit Line with the IMF
Micronesia, Federated States of$157 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$135.1 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Moldova$2.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.206 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Montenegro$599.6 million (31 December 2014 est.)
Montserrat$49.36 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$51.47 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Morocco$22.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.37 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Mozambique$2.193 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.081 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Namibia$1.949 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.834 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nepal$8.668 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$8.506 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Netherlands$36.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$38.21 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
New Zealand$18.32 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$17.81 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nicaragua$2.521 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.448 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Nigeria$31.08 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.84 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Norway$60.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$57.46 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Oman$19.96 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$20.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Pakistan$20.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$22.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Palau$580.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Panama$3.888 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.878 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea$1.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.656 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Paraguay$7.504 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.881 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Peru$61.34 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$61.81 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Philippines$81.53 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$80.69 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Poland$115 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$114.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Portugal$25.13 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Qatar$16.89 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$31.89 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Romania$45.07 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$40 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Russia$418.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$377.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Rwanda$1.026 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.104 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines$160 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$192.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Samoa$99.31 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$122.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
San Marino$392 million (2014 est.)
$539.3 million (2013 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe$64 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$61.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia$509 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$535.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Senegal$151.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$116.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Serbia$10.79 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Seychelles$538.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$523.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Singapore$266.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$246.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Slovakia$3.133 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.892 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Slovenia$911.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$743.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Somalia$30.45 million (2014 est.)
South Africa$48.18 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$47.23 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Spain$63.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$63.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Sri Lanka$6.632 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$6.019 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Sudan$504.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$168.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Suriname$381.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$330.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Swaziland$576.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$564.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Sweden$59.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$59.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Switzerland$679.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$679.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Syria$407.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$504.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Taiwan$468.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$439 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Tajikistan$642.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$652.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Tanzania$4.174 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.067 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: excludes gold
Thailand$193.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$171.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Togo$215.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$42.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Tonga$131.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$176.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago$8.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$9.995 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Tunisia$5.699 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$5.941 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Turkey$107.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$106.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Turkmenistan$20.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$25.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Uganda$3.045 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.034 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
note: excludes gold
Ukraine$21.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$15.54 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
United Arab Emirates$89.79 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$85.39 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
United Kingdom$135 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$129.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
United States$117.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$117.6 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Uruguay$14.28 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$13.47 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Uzbekistan$16 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Vanuatu$288.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$267.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Venezuela$6.696 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$10.99 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Vietnam$38.75 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$36.91 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
West Bank$312.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Yemen$245.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$592.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
Zambia$2.426 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.353 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
Zimbabwe$374 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$407.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook