Urban population - Country Ranking

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 782,778,400.00 2016
2 India 438,777,400.00 2016
3 United States 264,279,500.00 2016
4 Brazil 178,442,300.00 2016
5 Indonesia 142,219,100.00 2016
6 Japan 119,283,400.00 2016
7 Russia 106,959,200.00 2016
8 Mexico 101,416,300.00 2016
9 Nigeria 90,385,380.00 2016
10 Pakistan 75,782,130.00 2016
11 Germany 62,422,370.00 2016
12 Iran 59,308,160.00 2016
13 Turkey 58,749,340.00 2016
14 Bangladesh 57,090,080.00 2016
15 United Kingdom 54,370,610.00 2016
16 France 53,349,650.00 2016
17 Philippines 45,759,490.00 2016
18 Korea 42,324,860.00 2016
19 Italy 41,884,700.00 2016
20 Egypt 41,358,560.00 2016
21 Argentina 40,292,720.00 2016
22 Colombia 37,321,060.00 2016
23 Spain 37,063,210.00 2016
24 South Africa 36,505,690.00 2016
25 Thailand 35,492,260.00 2016
26 Dem. Rep. Congo 33,868,360.00 2016
27 Vietnam 31,737,150.00 2016
28 Ukraine 31,465,000.00 2016
29 Canada 29,757,050.00 2016
30 Algeria 28,953,740.00 2016
31 Venezuela 28,109,250.00 2016
32 Saudi Arabia 26,895,650.00 2016
33 Iraq 25,890,010.00 2016
34 Peru 25,077,180.00 2016
35 Malaysia 23,505,840.00 2016
36 Poland 22,970,310.00 2016
37 Australia 21,606,840.00 2016
38 Morocco 21,407,720.00 2016
39 Ethiopia 20,400,760.00 2016
40 Myanmar 18,324,730.00 2016
41 Tanzania 17,958,710.00 2016
42 Chile 16,064,510.00 2016
43 Netherlands 15,492,200.00 2016
44 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 15,487,040.00 2016
45 Ghana 15,424,000.00 2016
46 Sudan 13,459,570.00 2016
47 Côte d'Ivoire 13,001,710.00 2016
48 Angola 12,913,910.00 2016
49 Cameroon 12,877,020.00 2016
50 Kenya 12,626,660.00 2016
51 Uzbekistan 11,617,910.00 2016
52 Belgium 11,109,510.00 2016
53 Romania 10,788,460.00 2016
54 Syrian Arab Republic 10,700,910.00 2016
55 Ecuador 10,482,510.00 2016
56 Yemen 9,706,057.00 2016
57 Kazakhstan 9,473,182.00 2016
58 Afghanistan 9,402,875.00 2016
59 Mozambique 9,371,886.00 2016
60 Madagascar 8,897,561.00 2016
61 Cuba 8,857,622.00 2016
62 Guatemala 8,627,859.00 2016
63 Sweden 8,513,120.00 2016
64 Dominican Republic 8,502,101.00 2016
65 Greece 8,417,814.00 2016
66 United Arab Emirates 7,953,698.00 2016
67 Jordan 7,933,891.00 2016
68 Israel 7,880,854.00 2016
69 Czech Republic 7,707,880.00 2016
70 Tunisia 7,645,536.00 2016
71 Bolivia 7,502,948.00 2016
72 Hong Kong SAR, China 7,346,700.00 2016
73 Belarus 7,324,856.00 2016
74 Mali 7,320,840.00 2016
75 Hungary 7,036,727.00 2016
76 Zambia 6,865,351.00 2016
77 Uganda 6,822,281.00 2016
78 Senegal 6,791,128.00 2016
79 Portugal 6,609,506.00 2016
80 Haiti 6,486,055.00 2016
81 Switzerland 6,194,515.00 2016
82 Austria 5,776,055.00 2016
83 Somalia 5,731,494.00 2016
84 Burkina Faso 5,722,217.00 2016
85 Singapore 5,607,283.00 2016
86 Nepal 5,505,277.00 2016
87 Azerbaijan 5,359,000.00 2016
88 Bulgaria 5,293,548.00 2016
89 Lebanon 5,280,702.00 2016
90 Zimbabwe 5,212,852.00 2016
91 Honduras 5,040,782.00 2016
92 Denmark 5,034,615.00 2016
93 Libya 4,956,188.00 2016
94 Benin 4,826,757.00 2016
95 Guinea 4,667,189.00 2016
96 Finland 4,635,553.00 2016
97 El Salvador 4,262,955.00 2016
98 Norway 4,224,753.00 2016
99 New Zealand 4,050,832.00 2016
100 Paraguay 4,030,074.00 2016
101 Kuwait 3,986,041.00 2016
102 Niger 3,929,935.00 2016
103 Serbia 3,928,720.00 2016
104 Sri Lanka 3,902,836.00 2016
105 Costa Rica 3,772,888.00 2016
106 Nicaragua 3,635,038.00 2016
107 Rwanda 3,548,438.00 2016
108 Oman 3,455,208.00 2016
109 Congo 3,372,688.00 2016
110 Cambodia 3,301,428.00 2016
111 Uruguay 3,287,648.00 2016
112 Chad 3,268,876.00 2016
113 Puerto Rico 3,191,926.00 2016
114 Togo 3,077,767.00 2016
115 Ireland 3,032,586.00 2016
116 Sierra Leone 2,981,996.00 2016
117 Malawi 2,976,788.00 2016
118 Slovak Republic 2,902,619.00 2016
119 Turkmenistan 2,853,696.00 2016
120 Panama 2,698,624.00 2016
121 Lao PDR 2,679,957.00 2016
122 Mauritania 2,599,793.00 2016
123 Qatar 2,552,252.00 2016
124 Croatia 2,472,499.00 2016
125 Tajikistan 2,348,916.00 2016
126 Liberia 2,311,525.00 2016
127 Mongolia 2,204,642.00 2016
128 Kyrgyz Republic 2,180,648.00 2016
129 Georgia 2,001,950.00 2016
130 Lithuania 1,910,423.00 2016
131 Central African Republic 1,853,103.00 2016
132 Armenia 1,829,706.00 2016
133 Gabon 1,729,660.00 2016
134 Albania 1,678,953.00 2016
135 Moldova 1,601,561.00 2016
136 Jamaica 1,585,610.00 2016
137 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,404,616.00 2016
138 Latvia 1,320,561.00 2016
139 Burundi 1,300,676.00 2016
140 Botswana 1,298,625.00 2016
141 Bahrain 1,266,051.00 2016
142 The Gambia 1,227,667.00 2016
143 Macedonia 1,190,533.00 2016
144 Namibia 1,180,963.00 2016
145 Papua New Guinea 1,054,202.00 2016
146 Slovenia 1,024,721.00 2016
147 Eritrea 937,627.00 2011
148 Guinea-Bissau 909,556.00 2016
149 Estonia 888,203.00 2016
150 Cyprus 782,112.00 2016
151 Djibouti 729,648.00 2016
152 Lesotho 613,544.00 2016
153 Macao SAR, China 612,167.00 2016
154 Luxembourg 527,193.00 2016
155 Mauritius 499,678.00 2016
156 Equatorial Guinea 489,854.00 2016
157 Fiji 486,220.00 2016
158 Timor-Leste 423,749.00 2016
159 Malta 417,411.00 2016
160 Montenegro 399,969.00 2016
161 Suriname 368,607.00 2016
162 Cabo Verde 357,119.00 2016
163 Brunei 327,998.00 2016
164 The Bahamas 324,531.00 2016
165 Iceland 314,966.00 2016
166 Bhutan 314,136.00 2016
167 Swaziland 286,281.00 2016
168 Comoros 226,046.00 2016
169 Guyana 221,636.00 2016
170 New Caledonia 196,652.00 2016
171 Belize 160,891.00 2016
172 Solomon Islands 136,542.00 2016
173 São Tomé and Principe 131,235.00 2016
174 Trinidad and Tobago 114,002.00 2016
175 Barbados 89,531.00 2016
176 Vanuatu 71,497.00 2016
177 Andorra 65,389.00 2016
178 Cayman Islands 60,765.00 2016
179 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 55,807.00 2016
180 Dominica 51,348.00 2016
181 Seychelles 51,328.00 2016
182 Kiribati 50,845.00 2016
183 Greenland 48,774.00 2016
184 Monaco 38,499.00 2016
185 Grenada 38,222.00 2016
186 Samoa 36,986.00 2016
187 St. Lucia 33,004.00 2016
188 San Marino 31,283.00 2016
189 Tonga 25,496.00 2016
190 Antigua and Barbuda 23,618.00 2016
191 Palau 18,844.00 2016
192 St. Kitts and Nevis 17,627.00 2016
193 Nauru 13,049.00 2016
194 Tuvalu 6,727.00 2016
195 Liechtenstein 5,380.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual