Zimbabwe - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Zimbabwe was 5,212,852 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 5,212,852 in 2016 and a minimum value of 472,468 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 472,468
1961 496,270
1962 523,204
1963 561,146
1964 601,709
1965 644,773
1966 690,528
1967 739,175
1968 791,074
1969 845,606
1970 898,591
1971 955,456
1972 1,016,386
1973 1,080,922
1974 1,148,663
1975 1,215,307
1976 1,284,118
1977 1,355,385
1978 1,430,794
1979 1,512,619
1980 1,602,697
1981 1,701,543
1982 1,809,079
1983 1,932,155
1984 2,063,525
1985 2,200,562
1986 2,343,238
1987 2,491,436
1988 2,643,488
1989 2,797,468
1990 2,951,881
1991 3,105,552
1992 3,258,168
1993 3,374,241
1994 3,483,496
1995 3,592,172
1996 3,701,048
1997 3,809,730
1998 3,917,525
1999 4,023,161
2000 4,125,987
2001 4,225,519
2002 4,323,307
2003 4,356,041
2004 4,381,920
2005 4,413,845
2006 4,452,539
2007 4,497,911
2008 4,550,222
2009 4,609,702
2010 4,676,094
2011 4,749,752
2012 4,830,153
2013 4,915,898
2014 5,008,948
2015 5,108,108
2016 5,212,852

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization