Mongolia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Mongolia was 2,204,642 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 2,204,642 in 2016 and a minimum value of 340,915 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 340,915
1961 370,104
1962 401,799
1963 427,961
1964 446,837
1965 466,254
1966 486,159
1967 506,596
1968 527,710
1969 550,748
1970 576,136
1971 602,814
1972 630,729
1973 659,681
1974 689,480
1975 719,939
1976 751,018
1977 782,714
1978 815,217
1979 847,642
1980 880,006
1981 913,125
1982 946,960
1983 981,984
1984 1,018,846
1985 1,057,803
1986 1,099,381
1987 1,143,044
1988 1,186,958
1989 1,222,045
1990 1,245,683
1991 1,263,925
1992 1,277,495
1993 1,287,670
1994 1,296,485
1995 1,305,401
1996 1,314,883
1997 1,324,666
1998 1,334,889
1999 1,345,454
2000 1,369,727
2001 1,408,842
2002 1,449,188
2003 1,490,906
2004 1,534,128
2005 1,578,877
2006 1,625,233
2007 1,673,286
2008 1,723,555
2009 1,776,547
2010 1,832,856
2011 1,892,688
2012 1,955,099
2013 2,018,876
2014 2,082,457
2015 2,144,542
2016 2,204,642

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization