Australia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Australia was 21,606,840 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 21,606,840 in 2016 and a minimum value of 8,378,309 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 8,378,309
1961 8,589,875
1962 8,844,641
1963 9,058,607
1964 9,280,894
1965 9,507,272
1966 9,769,946
1967 9,936,764
1968 10,156,370
1969 10,413,990
1970 10,664,090
1971 11,074,070
1972 11,290,190
1973 11,474,820
1974 11,779,960
1975 11,937,010
1976 12,068,380
1977 12,196,610
1978 12,330,790
1979 12,456,060
1980 12,599,860
1981 12,792,440
1982 12,998,440
1983 13,152,790
1984 13,293,230
1985 13,466,790
1986 13,679,710
1987 13,889,370
1988 14,118,500
1989 14,359,500
1990 14,573,600
1991 14,760,540
1992 14,969,770
1993 15,149,100
1994 15,342,440
1995 15,561,080
1996 15,799,280
1997 16,017,950
1998 16,227,490
1999 16,455,590
2000 16,694,710
2001 16,962,690
2002 17,203,030
2003 17,447,270
2004 17,681,720
2005 17,947,420
2006 18,245,200
2007 18,390,350
2008 18,793,860
2009 19,216,680
2010 19,549,430
2011 19,854,700
2012 20,231,560
2013 20,609,810
2014 20,947,820
2015 21,273,140
2016 21,606,840

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization