Kenya - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Kenya was 12,626,660 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 12,626,660 in 2016 and a minimum value of 596,722 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 596,722
1961 632,543
1962 670,816
1963 716,059
1964 765,269
1965 817,880
1966 874,399
1967 935,126
1968 1,000,339
1969 1,070,470
1970 1,158,444
1971 1,256,447
1972 1,363,225
1973 1,479,149
1974 1,605,073
1975 1,741,663
1976 1,889,975
1977 2,050,233
1978 2,223,987
1979 2,412,236
1980 2,535,197
1981 2,650,352
1982 2,770,878
1983 2,896,235
1984 3,026,061
1985 3,159,720
1986 3,297,262
1987 3,438,436
1988 3,583,198
1989 3,731,054
1990 3,919,452
1991 4,120,929
1992 4,329,249
1993 4,544,313
1994 4,765,984
1995 4,994,283
1996 5,229,567
1997 5,471,748
1998 5,722,352
1999 5,982,378
2000 6,256,130
2001 6,541,545
2002 6,839,097
2003 7,149,731
2004 7,474,468
2005 7,813,466
2006 8,168,124
2007 8,538,861
2008 8,925,839
2009 9,328,191
2010 9,746,644
2011 10,182,820
2012 10,636,680
2013 11,108,090
2014 11,596,730
2015 12,102,870
2016 12,626,660

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization