Nigeria - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Nigeria was 90,385,380 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 90,385,380 in 2016 and a minimum value of 6,955,737 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 6,955,737
1961 7,201,014
1962 7,457,881
1963 7,726,947
1964 8,006,600
1965 8,296,555
1966 8,598,370
1967 8,912,244
1968 9,239,947
1969 9,582,542
1970 9,942,297
1971 10,399,650
1972 10,881,330
1973 11,392,130
1974 11,941,850
1975 12,535,290
1976 13,178,960
1977 13,870,650
1978 14,602,920
1979 15,361,980
1980 16,139,320
1981 17,112,650
1982 18,120,140
1983 19,167,890
1984 20,270,120
1985 21,434,270
1986 22,668,100
1987 23,971,570
1988 25,343,260
1989 26,778,170
1990 28,276,130
1991 29,489,900
1992 30,744,970
1993 32,043,160
1994 33,388,300
1995 34,785,090
1996 36,237,340
1997 37,742,900
1998 39,306,960
1999 40,933,960
2000 42,627,440
2001 44,751,550
2002 46,973,640
2003 49,299,660
2004 51,736,610
2005 54,289,210
2006 56,964,350
2007 59,765,960
2008 62,697,870
2009 65,756,800
2010 68,949,820
2011 72,255,530
2012 75,675,260
2013 79,203,000
2014 82,834,090
2015 86,561,390
2016 90,385,380

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization