Costa Rica - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Costa Rica was 3,772,888 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 3,772,888 in 2016 and a minimum value of 456,620 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 456,620
1961 474,398
1962 492,867
1963 513,730
1964 540,992
1965 568,941
1966 597,591
1967 626,924
1968 656,840
1969 687,171
1970 717,859
1971 748,808
1972 780,143
1973 811,369
1974 838,729
1975 867,257
1976 897,131
1977 928,260
1978 960,759
1979 994,596
1980 1,029,769
1981 1,066,319
1982 1,104,347
1983 1,143,609
1984 1,184,720
1985 1,240,754
1986 1,298,341
1987 1,357,493
1988 1,418,570
1989 1,481,945
1990 1,548,059
1991 1,616,913
1992 1,688,345
1993 1,762,079
1994 1,837,917
1995 1,915,526
1996 1,994,927
1997 2,075,768
1998 2,157,273
1999 2,238,186
2000 2,317,935
2001 2,414,346
2002 2,509,069
2003 2,602,539
2004 2,695,824
2005 2,789,515
2006 2,883,962
2007 2,978,754
2008 3,073,503
2009 3,167,502
2010 3,260,511
2011 3,352,181
2012 3,441,258
2013 3,527,730
2014 3,611,713
2015 3,693,440
2016 3,772,888

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization