Indonesia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Indonesia was 142,219,100 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 142,219,100 in 2016 and a minimum value of 12,805,420 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 12,805,420
1961 13,359,390
1962 13,937,380
1963 14,542,570
1964 15,175,880
1965 15,837,770
1966 16,530,970
1967 17,255,490
1968 18,008,880
1969 18,792,480
1970 19,603,440
1971 20,445,320
1972 21,523,170
1973 22,711,490
1974 23,954,540
1975 25,251,980
1976 26,605,140
1977 28,010,970
1978 29,477,940
1979 31,006,080
1980 32,601,270
1981 34,445,820
1982 36,472,750
1983 38,586,530
1984 40,783,090
1985 43,050,030
1986 45,389,400
1987 47,800,740
1988 50,288,260
1989 52,847,930
1990 55,490,640
1991 58,362,650
1992 61,405,140
1993 64,532,550
1994 67,750,900
1995 71,054,510
1996 74,438,290
1997 77,897,540
1998 81,448,950
1999 85,097,230
2000 88,851,210
2001 91,770,180
2002 94,759,560
2003 97,818,420
2004 100,950,800
2005 104,145,000
2006 107,408,000
2007 110,735,100
2008 114,128,700
2009 117,573,600
2010 121,077,700
2011 124,603,200
2012 128,145,000
2013 131,691,900
2014 135,227,200
2015 138,741,500
2016 142,219,100

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization