Eritrea - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Eritrea was 937,627 as of 2011. As the graph below shows, over the past 51 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 937,627 in 2011 and a minimum value of 136,269 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 136,269
1961 144,109
1962 152,505
1963 161,430
1964 170,904
1965 180,896
1966 191,448
1967 202,579
1968 210,743
1969 219,255
1970 228,170
1971 237,526
1972 247,299
1973 257,515
1974 268,178
1975 279,300
1976 290,869
1977 302,907
1978 315,488
1979 328,716
1980 342,659
1981 357,218
1982 372,312
1983 388,047
1984 404,246
1985 419,250
1986 435,241
1987 451,958
1988 468,060
1989 481,777
1990 491,903
1991 498,053
1992 500,907
1993 502,356
1994 504,994
1995 510,989
1996 520,965
1997 534,521
1998 551,729
1999 572,216
2000 595,606
2001 622,348
2002 652,406
2003 684,663
2004 717,511
2005 749,706
2006 780,634
2007 810,647
2008 840,348
2009 870,946
2010 903,284
2011 937,627

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization