El Salvador - Urban population

The value for Urban population in El Salvador was 4,262,955 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 4,262,955 in 2016 and a minimum value of 1,059,434 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,059,434
1961 1,095,102
1962 1,130,563
1963 1,167,510
1964 1,205,542
1965 1,244,257
1966 1,283,491
1967 1,323,230
1968 1,363,449
1969 1,404,181
1970 1,445,500
1971 1,487,391
1972 1,544,888
1973 1,603,240
1974 1,662,266
1975 1,721,638
1976 1,781,384
1977 1,841,317
1978 1,901,034
1979 1,960,098
1980 2,018,167
1981 2,074,942
1982 2,130,638
1983 2,185,660
1984 2,240,706
1985 2,296,291
1986 2,352,536
1987 2,409,308
1988 2,467,068
1989 2,526,228
1990 2,587,186
1991 2,650,225
1992 2,715,016
1993 2,812,651
1994 2,920,911
1995 3,028,150
1996 3,133,965
1997 3,237,900
1998 3,340,092
1999 3,399,404
2000 3,456,736
2001 3,511,921
2002 3,565,013
2003 3,616,421
2004 3,666,894
2005 3,716,734
2006 3,766,342
2007 3,815,738
2008 3,864,888
2009 3,913,925
2010 3,962,991
2011 4,012,160
2012 4,061,665
2013 4,111,449
2014 4,161,602
2015 4,212,064
2016 4,262,955

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization