Turkmenistan - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Turkmenistan was 2,853,696 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 2,853,696 in 2016 and a minimum value of 744,104 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 744,104
1961 772,084
1962 801,130
1963 831,015
1964 861,411
1965 892,152
1966 923,050
1967 954,179
1968 985,654
1969 1,017,793
1970 1,048,854
1971 1,078,316
1972 1,108,345
1973 1,138,841
1974 1,169,763
1975 1,200,986
1976 1,232,635
1977 1,264,696
1978 1,296,997
1979 1,327,124
1980 1,354,344
1981 1,381,270
1982 1,408,002
1983 1,434,987
1984 1,462,667
1985 1,491,470
1986 1,521,171
1987 1,551,591
1988 1,583,328
1989 1,619,378
1990 1,660,548
1991 1,704,754
1992 1,751,186
1993 1,797,596
1994 1,840,848
1995 1,884,860
1996 1,930,077
1997 1,970,297
1998 2,006,587
1999 2,040,531
2000 2,073,491
2001 2,105,730
2002 2,137,289
2003 2,168,970
2004 2,201,755
2005 2,236,963
2006 2,274,987
2007 2,315,994
2008 2,360,578
2009 2,409,275
2010 2,462,311
2011 2,520,130
2012 2,582,453
2013 2,648,258
2014 2,716,066
2015 2,784,701
2016 2,853,696

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization