Urban population - Country Ranking - Middle East

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Pakistan 75,782,130.00 2016
2 Iran 59,308,160.00 2016
3 Turkey 58,749,340.00 2016
4 Saudi Arabia 26,895,650.00 2016
5 Iraq 25,890,010.00 2016
6 Uzbekistan 11,617,910.00 2016
7 Syrian Arab Republic 10,700,910.00 2016
8 Yemen 9,706,057.00 2016
9 Afghanistan 9,402,875.00 2016
10 United Arab Emirates 7,953,698.00 2016
11 Jordan 7,933,891.00 2016
12 Israel 7,880,854.00 2016
13 Lebanon 5,280,702.00 2016
14 Kuwait 3,986,041.00 2016
15 Oman 3,455,208.00 2016
16 Turkmenistan 2,853,696.00 2016
17 Qatar 2,552,252.00 2016
18 Tajikistan 2,348,916.00 2016
19 Kyrgyz Republic 2,180,648.00 2016
20 Bahrain 1,266,051.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual