Urban population - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Germany 62,422,370.00 2016
2 Turkey 58,749,340.00 2016
3 United Kingdom 54,370,610.00 2016
4 France 53,349,650.00 2016
5 Italy 41,884,700.00 2016
6 Spain 37,063,210.00 2016
7 Ukraine 31,465,000.00 2016
8 Poland 22,970,310.00 2016
9 Netherlands 15,492,200.00 2016
10 Belgium 11,109,510.00 2016
11 Romania 10,788,460.00 2016
12 Sweden 8,513,120.00 2016
13 Greece 8,417,814.00 2016
14 Czech Republic 7,707,880.00 2016
15 Belarus 7,324,856.00 2016
16 Hungary 7,036,727.00 2016
17 Portugal 6,609,506.00 2016
18 Switzerland 6,194,515.00 2016
19 Austria 5,776,055.00 2016
20 Bulgaria 5,293,548.00 2016
21 Denmark 5,034,615.00 2016
22 Finland 4,635,553.00 2016
23 Norway 4,224,753.00 2016
24 Serbia 3,928,720.00 2016
25 Ireland 3,032,586.00 2016
26 Slovak Republic 2,902,619.00 2016
27 Croatia 2,472,499.00 2016
28 Lithuania 1,910,423.00 2016
29 Albania 1,678,953.00 2016
30 Moldova 1,601,561.00 2016
31 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,404,616.00 2016
32 Latvia 1,320,561.00 2016
33 Macedonia 1,190,533.00 2016
34 Slovenia 1,024,721.00 2016
35 Estonia 888,203.00 2016
36 Cyprus 782,112.00 2016
37 Luxembourg 527,193.00 2016
38 Malta 417,411.00 2016
39 Montenegro 399,969.00 2016
40 Iceland 314,966.00 2016
41 Andorra 65,389.00 2016
42 Monaco 38,499.00 2016
43 San Marino 31,283.00 2016
44 Liechtenstein 5,380.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual