Spain - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Spain was 37,063,210 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 37,063,210 in 2016 and a minimum value of 17,227,480 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 17,227,480
1961 17,614,510
1962 18,089,100
1963 18,560,790
1964 19,059,710
1965 19,580,950
1966 20,096,610
1967 20,660,200
1968 21,248,040
1969 21,772,800
1970 22,330,440
1971 22,878,390
1972 23,372,200
1973 23,870,860
1974 24,372,580
1975 24,876,770
1976 25,379,950
1977 25,880,540
1978 26,368,360
1979 26,838,010
1980 27,289,440
1981 27,669,150
1982 27,925,420
1983 28,151,120
1984 28,357,570
1985 28,549,380
1986 28,723,940
1987 28,887,110
1988 29,036,440
1989 29,169,750
1990 29,286,920
1991 29,430,520
1992 29,607,130
1993 29,793,330
1994 29,967,940
1995 30,133,080
1996 30,291,560
1997 30,451,230
1998 30,610,090
1999 30,767,120
2000 30,937,860
2001 31,186,430
2002 31,708,810
2003 32,390,830
2004 33,059,300
2005 33,727,740
2006 34,408,810
2007 35,159,320
2008 35,833,180
2009 36,260,460
2010 36,535,850
2011 36,773,880
2012 36,904,880
2013 36,889,980
2014 36,884,900
2015 36,962,610
2016 37,063,210

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization