Turkey - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Turkey was 58,749,340 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 58,749,340 in 2016 and a minimum value of 8,657,905 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 8,657,905
1961 9,025,020
1962 9,398,918
1963 9,785,801
1964 10,186,260
1965 10,601,120
1966 11,084,940
1967 11,613,790
1968 12,164,210
1969 12,737,050
1970 13,334,590
1971 13,911,380
1972 14,488,540
1973 15,085,600
1974 15,701,100
1975 16,333,820
1976 16,914,560
1977 17,474,290
1978 18,048,160
1979 18,640,040
1980 19,252,660
1981 20,329,790
1982 21,630,540
1983 22,977,480
1984 24,362,100
1985 25,769,740
1986 27,034,290
1987 28,238,860
1988 29,455,630
1989 30,682,090
1990 31,923,260
1991 32,891,160
1992 33,738,100
1993 34,589,940
1994 35,453,750
1995 36,333,500
1996 37,230,420
1997 38,142,740
1998 39,068,790
1999 40,002,790
2000 40,942,290
2001 41,937,580
2002 42,963,800
2003 43,992,660
2004 45,015,880
2005 46,026,970
2006 47,021,790
2007 48,004,720
2008 48,999,500
2009 50,038,020
2010 51,145,980
2011 52,327,730
2012 53,566,520
2013 54,847,290
2014 56,148,400
2015 57,448,910
2016 58,749,340

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization