Iceland - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Iceland was 314,966 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 314,966 in 2016 and a minimum value of 140,986 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 140,986
1961 144,661
1962 148,268
1963 151,829
1964 155,450
1965 159,059
1966 162,665
1967 166,198
1968 169,365
1969 171,812
1970 173,568
1971 175,738
1972 179,084
1973 182,557
1974 185,790
1975 188,920
1976 191,538
1977 193,688
1978 195,917
1979 198,545
1980 201,355
1981 204,294
1982 207,668
1983 211,056
1984 213,929
1985 216,226
1986 218,415
1987 221,413
1988 225,500
1989 228,892
1990 231,255
1991 234,420
1992 237,854
1993 240,747
1994 243,303
1995 245,081
1996 246,857
1997 249,329
1998 252,455
1999 255,931
2000 259,836
2001 263,687
2002 266,425
2003 268,644
2004 271,378
2005 276,072
2006 283,000
2007 290,623
2008 296,449
2009 297,832
2010 297,763
2011 299,025
2012 300,960
2013 304,150
2014 307,880
2015 311,419
2016 314,966

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization