Afghanistan - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Afghanistan was 9,402,875 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 9,402,875 in 2016 and a minimum value of 739,590 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 739,590
1961 779,908
1962 822,904
1963 868,543
1964 917,278
1965 968,995
1966 1,023,863
1967 1,081,865
1968 1,143,785
1969 1,210,486
1970 1,282,731
1971 1,360,662
1972 1,443,674
1973 1,530,661
1974 1,620,159
1975 1,710,139
1976 1,801,366
1977 1,893,094
1978 1,980,100
1979 2,053,888
1980 2,077,477
1981 2,079,495
1982 2,063,148
1983 2,036,424
1984 2,011,386
1985 1,998,170
1986 1,998,047
1987 2,011,948
1988 2,050,008
1989 2,124,445
1990 2,243,548
1991 2,416,430
1992 2,639,936
1993 2,893,730
1994 3,147,535
1995 3,378,356
1996 3,574,379
1997 3,741,760
1998 3,897,491
1999 4,068,951
2000 4,276,353
2001 4,527,917
2002 4,816,900
2003 5,128,931
2004 5,441,724
2005 5,739,959
2006 6,016,861
2007 6,278,103
2008 6,535,829
2009 6,808,693
2010 7,111,214
2011 7,449,134
2012 7,817,901
2013 8,209,305
2014 8,609,463
2015 9,008,656
2016 9,402,875

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization