Japan - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Japan was 119,283,400 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 119,283,400 in 2016 and a minimum value of 58,526,960 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 58,526,960
1961 60,965,750
1962 62,428,800
1963 63,957,880
1964 65,516,030
1965 67,107,940
1966 68,559,720
1967 70,019,990
1968 71,062,060
1969 73,357,350
1970 75,000,060
1971 76,805,780
1972 78,731,730
1973 80,216,230
1974 82,593,960
1975 84,756,490
1976 85,642,810
1977 86,538,160
1978 87,391,420
1979 88,197,930
1980 88,958,690
1981 89,733,660
1982 90,474,900
1983 91,224,780
1984 91,937,390
1985 92,632,810
1986 93,348,380
1987 93,963,670
1988 94,519,910
1989 95,061,560
1990 95,542,280
1991 96,005,310
1992 96,414,130
1993 96,821,760
1994 97,320,880
1995 97,862,490
1996 98,272,810
1997 98,667,340
1998 99,095,070
1999 99,434,460
2000 99,760,750
2001 101,706,500
2002 104,055,000
2003 106,256,300
2004 108,136,900
2005 109,856,700
2006 111,305,900
2007 112,657,500
2008 113,859,500
2009 114,913,200
2010 115,931,500
2011 116,645,100
2012 117,293,600
2013 117,875,200
2014 118,393,400
2015 118,874,300
2016 119,283,400

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization