Madagascar - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Madagascar was 8,897,561 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 8,897,561 in 2016 and a minimum value of 542,675 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 542,675
1961 573,078
1962 605,315
1963 639,540
1964 675,807
1965 714,171
1966 754,443
1967 794,053
1968 836,042
1969 880,328
1970 927,259
1971 981,645
1972 1,039,492
1973 1,100,750
1974 1,165,702
1975 1,234,201
1976 1,302,441
1977 1,374,405
1978 1,450,329
1979 1,530,300
1980 1,614,654
1981 1,703,479
1982 1,797,054
1983 1,895,439
1984 1,998,623
1985 2,106,591
1986 2,219,702
1987 2,338,140
1988 2,462,865
1989 2,594,158
1990 2,733,334
1991 2,880,489
1992 3,036,093
1993 3,200,680
1994 3,336,672
1995 3,476,114
1996 3,622,762
1997 3,776,499
1998 3,937,065
1999 4,103,815
2000 4,276,115
2001 4,454,032
2002 4,637,734
2003 4,827,101
2004 5,022,403
2005 5,283,544
2006 5,555,519
2007 5,838,413
2008 6,132,917
2009 6,437,723
2010 6,753,507
2011 7,080,265
2012 7,418,168
2013 7,768,215
2014 8,130,933
2015 8,507,377
2016 8,897,561

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization