The Gambia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in The Gambia was 1,227,667 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 1,227,667 in 2016 and a minimum value of 44,626 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 44,626
1961 46,455
1962 48,075
1963 50,042
1964 53,963
1965 58,257
1966 62,994
1967 68,192
1968 73,924
1969 80,230
1970 87,203
1971 94,938
1972 103,516
1973 112,379
1974 119,680
1975 127,277
1976 135,138
1977 143,329
1978 152,020
1979 161,416
1980 171,725
1981 182,970
1982 195,195
1983 208,758
1984 224,402
1985 241,731
1986 261,016
1987 282,200
1988 304,805
1989 328,012
1990 351,247
1991 374,195
1992 396,982
1993 419,336
1994 440,362
1995 462,336
1996 485,381
1997 509,425
1998 534,696
1999 561,381
2000 589,659
2001 619,684
2002 651,518
2003 685,114
2004 719,971
2005 755,925
2006 792,955
2007 831,076
2008 870,363
2009 910,858
2010 952,629
2011 995,671
2012 1,039,934
2013 1,085,343
2014 1,131,820
2015 1,179,276
2016 1,227,667

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization