Ethiopia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Ethiopia was 20,400,760 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 20,400,760 in 2016 and a minimum value of 1,424,992 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,424,992
1961 1,507,634
1962 1,596,238
1963 1,690,640
1964 1,791,230
1965 1,897,784
1966 2,010,284
1967 2,128,778
1968 2,225,746
1969 2,329,033
1970 2,440,287
1971 2,560,710
1972 2,690,237
1973 2,823,906
1974 2,955,520
1975 3,080,821
1976 3,196,686
1977 3,305,081
1978 3,413,645
1979 3,533,046
1980 3,671,076
1981 3,832,363
1982 4,015,607
1983 4,219,104
1984 4,438,752
1985 4,672,863
1986 4,919,280
1987 5,179,615
1988 5,456,101
1989 5,751,613
1990 6,068,999
1991 6,410,479
1992 6,774,121
1993 7,157,356
1994 7,553,599
1995 7,924,237
1996 8,285,270
1997 8,650,119
1998 9,022,892
1999 9,407,067
2000 9,807,603
2001 10,223,840
2002 10,657,770
2003 11,106,660
2004 11,569,770
2005 12,046,150
2006 12,536,470
2007 13,054,030
2008 13,733,830
2009 14,443,890
2010 15,189,230
2011 15,969,790
2012 16,787,860
2013 17,639,630
2014 18,526,950
2015 19,447,280
2016 20,400,760

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization