Malawi - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Malawi was 2,976,788 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 2,976,788 in 2016 and a minimum value of 158,856 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 158,856
1961 166,094
1962 173,706
1963 181,757
1964 190,244
1965 199,200
1966 208,655
1967 223,713
1968 240,604
1969 258,887
1970 278,663
1971 300,036
1972 323,213
1973 348,287
1974 375,513
1975 405,006
1976 437,195
1977 472,375
1978 501,479
1979 529,252
1980 557,759
1981 586,123
1982 614,791
1983 646,418
1984 684,835
1985 732,865
1986 793,032
1987 864,059
1988 944,362
1989 1,022,514
1990 1,090,981
1991 1,145,851
1992 1,188,777
1993 1,225,141
1994 1,264,496
1995 1,314,242
1996 1,377,863
1997 1,453,668
1998 1,539,770
1999 1,603,861
2000 1,662,059
2001 1,719,058
2002 1,776,347
2003 1,835,082
2004 1,896,842
2005 1,962,998
2006 2,033,727
2007 2,108,672
2008 2,187,209
2009 2,270,022
2010 2,356,967
2011 2,447,754
2012 2,543,052
2013 2,643,060
2014 2,748,424
2015 2,859,577
2016 2,976,788

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization