Somalia - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Somalia was 5,731,494 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 5,731,494 in 2016 and a minimum value of 477,110 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 477,110
1961 501,894
1962 528,046
1963 555,575
1964 583,809
1965 612,583
1966 644,078
1967 678,630
1968 714,552
1969 749,175
1970 781,156
1971 806,885
1972 828,271
1973 856,413
1974 907,964
1975 989,404
1976 1,104,452
1977 1,255,066
1978 1,422,265
1979 1,578,125
1980 1,701,893
1981 1,784,702
1982 1,832,247
1983 1,856,324
1984 1,876,195
1985 1,906,231
1986 1,951,399
1987 2,009,074
1988 2,075,714
1989 2,139,312
1990 2,193,905
1991 2,237,303
1992 2,273,447
1993 2,309,409
1994 2,356,107
1995 2,421,263
1996 2,508,596
1997 2,615,954
1998 2,738,197
1999 2,867,038
2000 2,996,046
2001 3,123,296
2002 3,250,860
2003 3,380,868
2004 3,516,401
2005 3,659,713
2006 3,811,541
2007 3,971,025
2008 4,137,734
2009 4,311,233
2010 4,490,910
2011 4,676,829
2012 4,869,763
2013 5,070,663
2014 5,280,659
2015 5,500,804
2016 5,731,494

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization