Bhutan - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Bhutan was 314,136 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 314,136 in 2016 and a minimum value of 8,029 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 8,029
1961 8,681
1962 9,386
1963 10,154
1964 10,996
1965 11,927
1966 12,955
1967 14,091
1968 15,337
1969 16,694
1970 18,164
1971 19,755
1972 21,481
1973 23,343
1974 25,366
1975 27,565
1976 29,957
1977 32,543
1978 35,332
1979 38,304
1980 41,457
1981 44,754
1982 48,209
1983 51,895
1984 55,953
1985 60,458
1986 65,570
1987 71,262
1988 77,224
1989 82,959
1990 88,049
1991 92,203
1992 95,473
1993 98,299
1994 101,488
1995 105,740
1996 111,417
1997 118,446
1998 126,740
1999 135,946
2000 145,751
2001 156,126
2002 167,184
2003 178,851
2004 191,028
2005 203,328
2006 213,177
2007 223,048
2008 232,968
2009 242,987
2010 253,168
2011 263,510
2012 273,839
2013 284,099
2014 294,258
2015 304,277
2016 314,136

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization