Vietnam - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Vietnam was 31,737,150 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 31,737,150 in 2016 and a minimum value of 5,107,221 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 5,107,221
1961 5,325,183
1962 5,551,744
1963 5,788,409
1964 6,035,887
1965 6,295,976
1966 6,569,593
1967 6,857,769
1968 7,161,648
1969 7,481,962
1970 7,819,407
1971 8,043,651
1972 8,276,649
1973 8,517,951
1974 8,766,628
1975 9,020,995
1976 9,281,030
1977 9,544,985
1978 9,811,931
1979 10,081,070
1980 10,335,640
1981 10,566,270
1982 10,787,690
1983 11,010,900
1984 11,248,790
1985 11,515,170
1986 11,823,870
1987 12,157,340
1988 12,495,710
1989 12,883,550
1990 13,371,680
1991 13,868,750
1992 14,374,520
1993 14,901,830
1994 15,439,740
1995 15,973,640
1996 16,518,050
1997 17,071,270
1998 17,638,660
1999 18,243,040
2000 18,921,760
2001 19,605,590
2002 20,290,860
2003 20,995,550
2004 21,729,680
2005 22,477,390
2006 23,233,830
2007 24,005,640
2008 24,793,380
2009 25,599,320
2010 26,420,520
2011 27,262,170
2012 28,124,100
2013 29,000,400
2014 29,896,080
2015 30,809,250
2016 31,737,150

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization