Ghana - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Ghana was 15,424,000 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 15,424,000 in 2016 and a minimum value of 1,546,790 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,546,790
1961 1,634,030
1962 1,725,452
1963 1,819,650
1964 1,914,987
1965 2,009,909
1966 2,103,423
1967 2,195,976
1968 2,290,376
1969 2,390,977
1970 2,489,514
1971 2,575,269
1972 2,669,844
1973 2,768,568
1974 2,864,859
1975 2,954,239
1976 3,034,105
1977 3,107,101
1978 3,180,281
1979 3,264,199
1980 3,366,236
1981 3,489,594
1982 3,631,850
1983 3,787,646
1984 3,965,301
1985 4,183,130
1986 4,401,864
1987 4,623,179
1988 4,849,529
1989 5,084,197
1990 5,330,684
1991 5,590,187
1992 5,861,574
1993 6,143,017
1994 6,432,456
1995 6,727,651
1996 7,028,226
1997 7,334,775
1998 7,650,720
1999 7,979,372
2000 8,319,609
2001 8,662,230
2002 9,020,827
2003 9,395,501
2004 9,786,022
2005 10,191,090
2006 10,611,790
2007 11,047,970
2008 11,498,110
2009 11,959,330
2010 12,430,820
2011 12,911,100
2012 13,398,940
2013 13,893,700
2014 14,395,850
2015 14,906,310
2016 15,424,000

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization