Peru - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Peru was 25,077,180 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 25,077,180 in 2016 and a minimum value of 4,709,896 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 4,709,896
1961 4,905,808
1962 5,167,065
1963 5,440,432
1964 5,725,341
1965 6,020,672
1966 6,326,872
1967 6,644,115
1968 6,972,274
1969 7,310,287
1970 7,658,574
1971 8,016,488
1972 8,379,737
1973 8,695,750
1974 9,022,372
1975 9,360,478
1976 9,711,284
1977 10,073,500
1978 10,445,620
1979 10,825,070
1980 11,209,480
1981 11,597,540
1982 11,957,900
1983 12,321,670
1984 12,691,480
1985 13,068,540
1986 13,452,880
1987 13,843,150
1988 14,238,590
1989 14,637,460
1990 15,038,790
1991 15,442,210
1992 15,847,050
1993 16,249,590
1994 16,656,610
1995 17,055,740
1996 17,445,300
1997 17,825,580
1998 18,198,250
1999 18,565,430
2000 18,928,750
2001 19,288,450
2002 19,645,180
2003 20,001,000
2004 20,357,800
2005 20,717,200
2006 21,080,130
2007 21,446,730
2008 21,820,030
2009 22,201,230
2010 22,592,740
2011 22,995,250
2012 23,408,180
2013 23,827,200
2014 24,247,490
2015 24,664,890
2016 25,077,180

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization