Nepal - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Nepal was 5,505,277 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 5,505,277 in 2016 and a minimum value of 350,193 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 350,193
1961 365,019
1962 375,077
1963 385,474
1964 396,407
1965 407,846
1966 419,954
1967 432,642
1968 446,030
1969 459,991
1970 474,638
1971 490,363
1972 524,726
1973 561,530
1974 601,163
1975 643,637
1976 689,364
1977 738,370
1978 790,825
1979 847,199
1980 907,691
1981 972,277
1982 1,032,575
1983 1,096,484
1984 1,164,087
1985 1,235,231
1986 1,309,947
1987 1,388,684
1988 1,472,433
1989 1,562,449
1990 1,660,072
1991 1,766,696
1992 1,895,316
1993 2,033,134
1994 2,178,946
1995 2,331,136
1996 2,489,757
1997 2,654,311
1998 2,825,268
1999 3,003,210
2000 3,188,642
2001 3,374,675
2002 3,503,897
2003 3,633,809
2004 3,763,768
2005 3,892,965
2006 4,020,796
2007 4,147,713
2008 4,275,851
2009 4,407,736
2010 4,545,832
2011 4,690,978
2012 4,843,714
2013 5,002,934
2014 5,167,009
2015 5,334,367
2016 5,505,277

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization