New Zealand - Urban population

The value for Urban population in New Zealand was 4,050,832 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 4,050,832 in 2016 and a minimum value of 1,802,521 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,802,521
1961 1,851,675
1962 1,914,441
1963 1,967,968
1964 2,024,808
1965 2,073,571
1966 2,125,227
1967 2,175,248
1968 2,206,092
1969 2,237,511
1970 2,279,646
1971 2,324,938
1972 2,375,942
1973 2,432,441
1974 2,493,343
1975 2,552,005
1976 2,582,586
1977 2,593,760
1978 2,597,744
1979 2,590,668
1980 2,597,030
1981 2,609,635
1982 2,636,985
1983 2,674,359
1984 2,698,921
1985 2,716,946
1986 2,719,750
1987 2,751,315
1988 2,766,856
1989 2,788,022
1990 2,821,739
1991 2,968,493
1992 3,003,146
1993 3,041,157
1994 3,085,471
1995 3,134,622
1996 3,187,912
1997 3,232,444
1998 3,263,694
1999 3,283,344
2000 3,305,162
2001 3,328,072
2002 3,391,762
2003 3,463,392
2004 3,516,313
2005 3,557,304
2006 3,602,020
2007 3,636,861
2008 3,668,966
2009 3,706,604
2010 3,748,781
2011 3,778,263
2012 3,799,782
2013 3,830,112
2014 3,889,661
2015 3,965,354
2016 4,050,832

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization