Kazakhstan - Urban population

The value for Urban population in Kazakhstan was 9,473,182 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 9,473,182 in 2016 and a minimum value of 4,293,509 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 4,293,509
1961 4,532,708
1962 4,770,603
1963 5,003,536
1964 5,228,041
1965 5,452,216
1966 5,662,917
1967 5,859,779
1968 6,046,922
1969 6,230,759
1970 6,408,730
1971 6,581,101
1972 6,755,503
1973 6,929,978
1974 7,100,797
1975 7,231,119
1976 7,353,713
1977 7,470,406
1978 7,584,615
1979 7,712,618
1980 7,860,836
1981 8,014,706
1982 8,172,964
1983 8,336,063
1984 8,504,655
1985 8,627,224
1986 8,755,397
1987 8,885,484
1988 9,004,706
1989 9,157,731
1990 9,198,366
1991 9,241,068
1992 9,219,538
1993 9,143,728
1994 8,997,216
1995 8,844,256
1996 8,714,741
1997 8,581,354
1998 8,437,818
1999 8,349,469
2000 8,294,496
2001 8,250,388
2002 8,220,862
2003 8,218,447
2004 8,245,281
2005 8,288,303
2006 8,345,355
2007 8,410,084
2008 8,481,358
2009 8,675,253
2010 8,769,912
2011 8,871,192
2012 8,976,360
2013 9,090,193
2014 9,213,427
2015 9,341,721
2016 9,473,182

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization