India - Urban population

The value for Urban population in India was 438,777,400 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 438,777,400 in 2016 and a minimum value of 80,564,900 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 80,564,900
1961 82,675,810
1962 85,233,380
1963 87,889,020
1964 90,647,750
1965 93,493,390
1966 96,433,890
1967 99,476,360
1968 102,633,500
1969 105,929,200
1970 109,387,100
1971 113,194,000
1972 117,742,200
1973 122,484,500
1974 127,425,900
1975 132,536,100
1976 137,816,200
1977 143,275,800
1978 148,932,800
1979 154,813,000
1980 160,943,100
1981 166,990,800
1982 172,591,900
1983 178,364,000
1984 184,282,400
1985 190,320,200
1986 196,478,800
1987 202,752,500
1988 209,148,100
1989 215,666,900
1990 222,293,000
1991 228,922,800
1992 235,420,500
1993 242,020,000
1994 248,732,500
1995 255,555,700
1996 262,509,800
1997 269,578,700
1998 276,751,300
1999 284,012,100
2000 291,347,600
2001 299,135,200
2002 307,805,100
2003 316,585,700
2004 325,487,000
2005 334,483,100
2006 343,585,200
2007 352,795,500
2008 362,089,100
2009 371,408,800
2010 380,742,300
2011 390,085,500
2012 399,520,400
2013 409,063,200
2014 418,770,500
2015 428,675,900
2016 438,777,400

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization