São Tomé and Principe - Urban population

The value for Urban population in São Tomé and Principe was 131,235 as of 2016. As the graph below shows, over the past 56 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 131,235 in 2016 and a minimum value of 10,327 in 1960.

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 10,327
1961 10,848
1962 11,578
1963 12,318
1964 13,153
1965 14,147
1966 15,358
1967 16,781
1968 18,397
1969 20,127
1970 21,918
1971 22,952
1972 23,696
1973 24,431
1974 25,231
1975 26,136
1976 27,167
1977 28,302
1978 29,493
1979 30,675
1980 31,791
1981 32,824
1982 34,375
1983 36,001
1984 37,671
1985 39,432
1986 41,292
1987 43,245
1988 45,301
1989 47,454
1990 49,712
1991 52,092
1992 54,375
1993 56,718
1994 59,102
1995 61,496
1996 63,885
1997 66,275
1998 68,722
1999 71,295
2000 74,049
2001 77,010
2002 80,163
2003 83,459
2004 86,841
2005 90,281
2006 93,760
2007 97,298
2008 100,872
2009 104,512
2010 108,199
2011 111,929
2012 115,705
2013 119,525
2014 123,388
2015 127,289
2016 131,235

Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization