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Afghanistan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 43%
male: 55.5%
female: 29.8% (2018)
Albania
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 98.5%
female: 97.8% (2018)
Algeria
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.4%
male: 87.4%
female: 75.3% (2018)
Andorra
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2016)
Angola
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
male: 82%
female: 60.7% (2015)
Antigua and Barbuda
definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
total population: 99%
male: 98.4%
female: 99.4% (2015)
Argentina
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 98.9%
female: 99.1% (2018)
Armenia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2017)
Aruba
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 97.8%
female: 97.8% (2018)
Azerbaijan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2017)
Bahrain
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.5%
male: 99.9%
female: 94.9% (2018)
Bangladesh
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 76.7%
female: 71.2% (2018)
Barbados
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.6%
female: 99.6% (2014)
Belarus
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2018)
Benin
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 42.4%
male: 54%
female: 31.1% (2018)
Bhutan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 66.6%
male: 75%
female: 57.1% (2017)
Bolivia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.5%
male: 96.5%
female: 88.6% (2015)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015)
Botswana
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.5%
male: 88%
female: 88.9% (2015)
Brazil
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.2%
male: 93%
female: 93.4% (2018)
Brunei
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.2%
male: 98.1%
female: 93.4% (2018)
Bulgaria
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.7%
female: 98.1% (2015)
Burkina Faso
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 41.2%
male: 50.1%
female: 32.7% (2018)
Burma
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.6%
male: 80%
female: 71.8% (2016)
Burundi
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.4%
male: 76.3%
female: 61.2% (2017)
Cambodia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.5%
male: 86.5%
female: 75% (2015)
Cameroon
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.1%
male: 82.6%
female: 71.6% (2018)
Cape Verde
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.8%
male: 91.7%
female: 82% (2015)
Cayman Islands
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98.9%
male: 98.7%
female: 99% (2007)
Central African Republic
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.4%
male: 49.5%
female: 25.8% (2018)
Chad
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 22.3%
male: 31.3%
female: 14% (2016)
Chile
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 96.3%
female: 96.3% (2017)
China
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.8%
male: 98.5%
female: 95.2% (2018)
Colombia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 94.9%
female: 95.3% (2018)
Comoros
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.8%
male: 64.6%
female: 53% (2018)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 77%
male: 88.5%
female: 66.5% (2016)
Congo, Republic of the
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
Costa Rica
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.9%
male: 97.8%
female: 97.9% (2018)
Croatia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.3%
male: 99.7%
female: 98.9% (2015)
Cuba
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.8% (2015)
Cyprus
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.7% (2015)
Czech Republic
definition: NA
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2011)
Dominican Republic
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.8%
male: 93.8%
female: 93.8% (2016)
East Timor
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.1%
male: 71.9%
female: 64.2% (2018)
Ecuador
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 93.8%
female: 92.1% (2017)
Egypt
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
male: 76.5%
female: 65.5% (2017)
El Salvador
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.5%
male: 90.6%
female: 86.7% (2017)
Equatorial Guinea
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.4%
female: 93% (2015)
Eritrea
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.6%
male: 84.4%
female: 68.9% (2018)
Estonia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015)
Ethiopia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.8%
male: 57.2%
female: 44.4% (2017)
Fiji
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 99.1% (2018)
Gabon
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.7%
male: 85.9%
female: 83.4% (2018)
Gambia, The
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50.8%
male: 61.8%
female: 41.6% (2015)
Gaza Strip
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.2%
male: 98.7%
female: 95.7% (2018)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

Georgia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.4%
female: 99.3% (2017)
Ghana
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.6%
male: 82%
female: 71.4% (2015)
Greece
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 98.5%
female: 96.9% (2015)
Greenland
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2015)
Grenada
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 98.6% (2014 est.)
Guatemala
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.5%
male: 87.4%
female: 76.3% (2015)
Guinea
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 30.4%
male: 38.1%
female: 22.8% (2015)
Guinea-Bissau
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.9%
male: 71.8%
female: 48.3% (2015)
Guyana
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.5%
male: 87.2%
female: 89.8% (2015)
Haiti
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.7%
male: 65.3%
female: 58.3% (2016)
Honduras
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.2%
male: 87.1%
female: 87.3% (2016)
Hungary
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 99% (2015)
India
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.4%
male: 82.4%
female: 65.8% (2018)
Indonesia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97.3%
female: 94% (2018)
Iran
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.5%
male: 90.4%
female: 80.8% (2016)
Iraq
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50.1%
male: 56.2%
female: 44% (2018)
Israel
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011)
Italy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2018)
Jamaica
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.7%
male: 84%
female: 93.1% (2015)
Jordan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.2%
male: 98.6%
female: 97.8% (2018)
Kazakhstan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015)
Kenya
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.5%
male: 85%
female: 78.2% (2018)
Korea, North
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2015)
Korea, South
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2019)
total population: 98% (2019)
male: 99.2%
female: 96.6%
Kuwait
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: 96.7%
female: 94.9% (2018)
Kyrgyzstan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.5% (2018)
Laos
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.7%
male: 90%
female: 79.4% (2015)
Latvia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015)
Lebanon
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 96.9%
female: 93.3% (2018)
Lesotho
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.4%
male: 70.1%
female: 88.3% (2015)
Liberia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.3%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.1% (2017)
Libya
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91%
male: 96.7%
female: 85.6% (2015)
Lithuania
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015)
Luxembourg
Macau
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.2%
female: 95% (2016)
Macedonia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.8%
female: 96.8% (2015)
Madagascar
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.8%
male: 77.3%
female: 72.4% (2018)
Malawi
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.1%
male: 69.8%
female: 55.2% (2015)
Malaysia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.7%
male: 96.3%
female: 91.1% (2016)
Maldives
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 97.3%
female: 98.1% (2016)
Mali
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 35.5%
male: 46.2%
female: 25.7% (2018)
Malta
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 93%
female: 96% (2018)
Marshall Islands
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.3%
female: 98.2% (2011)
Mauritania
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 53.5%
male: 63.7%
female: 43.4% (2017)
Mauritius
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.3%
male: 93.4%
female: 89.4% (2018)
Mexico
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 95.8%
female: 94.6% (2018)
Moldova
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.1% (2015)
Mongolia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.6% (2018)
Montenegro
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.3% (2018)
Morocco
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.8%
male: 83.3%
female: 64.6% (2018)
Mozambique
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 60.7%
male: 72.6%
female: 50.3% (2017)
Namibia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.5%
male: 91.6%
female: 91.4% (2018)
Nepal
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78.6%
female: 59.7% (2018)
New Caledonia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 97.3%
female: 96.5% (2015)
Nicaragua
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 82.6%
male: 82.4%
female: 82.8% (2015)
Niger
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 19.1%
male: 27.3%
female: 11% (2015)
Nigeria
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62%
male: 71.3%
female: 52.7% (2018)
Oman
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97%
female: 92.7% (2018)
Pakistan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.1%
male: 71.1%
female: 46.5% (2015)
Palau
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.6%
male: 96.8%
female: 96.3% (2015)
Panama
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 96%
female: 94.9% (2018)
Papua New Guinea
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.2%
male: 65.6%
female: 62.8% (2015)
Paraguay
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
male: 94.5%
female: 93.5% (2018)
Peru
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.4%
male: 97.1%
female: 91.7% (2018)
Philippines
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.2%
male: 98.1%
female: 98.2% (2015)
Poland
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2015)
Portugal
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: 97.4%
female: 95.1% (2018)
Puerto Rico
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.4%
male: 92.4%
female: 92.4% (2017)
Qatar
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 92.4%
female: 94.7% (2017)
Romania
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.6% (2018)
Russia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.7% (2018)
Rwanda
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.2%
male: 77.6%
female: 69.4% (2018)
Samoa
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99%
female: 99.2% (2018)
San Marino
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
Sao Tome and Principe
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 96.2%
female: 89.5% (2018)
Saudi Arabia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.1%
female: 92.7% (2017)
Senegal
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.9%
male: 64.8%
female: 39.8% (2017)
Serbia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 99.1%
female: 97.5% (2016)
Seychelles
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.9%
male: 95.4%
female: 96.4% (2018)
Sierra Leone
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
total population: 43.2%
male: 51.6%
female: 39.8% (2018)
Singapore
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 98.9%
female: 95.9% (2018)
Slovenia
definition: NA
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.7% (2015)
Solomon Islands
South Africa
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87%
male: 87.7%
female: 86.5% (2017)
South Sudan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 34.5%
male: 40.3%
female: 28.9% (2018)
Spain
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.9%
female: 98% (2018)
Sri Lanka
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.9%
male: 93%
female: 91% (2017)
Sudan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 60.7%
male: 65.4%
female: 56.1% (2018)
Suriname
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.4%
male: 96.1%
female: 92.7% (2018)
Swaziland
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.4%
male: 88.3%
female: 88.5% (2015)
Syria
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015)
Taiwan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014)
Tajikistan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015)
Tanzania
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 77.9%
male: 83.2%
female: 73.1% (2015)
Thailand
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015)
Togo
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.7%
male: 77.3%
female: 51.2% (2015)
Tonga
definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.4%
female: 99.5% (2015)
Trinidad and Tobago
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99.2%
female: 98.7% (2015)
Tunisia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.8%
male: 89.6%
female: 74.2% (2015)
Turkey
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.2%
male: 98.8%
female: 93.5% (2017)
Turkmenistan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015)
Uganda
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.5%
male: 82.7%
female: 70.8% (2018)
Ukraine
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015)
United Arab Emirates
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.8%
male: 93.1%
female: 95.8% (2015)
Uruguay
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.7%
male: 98.4%
female: 99% (2018)
Uzbekistan
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2016)
Vanuatu
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.5%
male: 88.3%
female: 86.7% (2018)
Venezuela
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.1%
male: 97%
female: 97.2% (2016)
Vietnam
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 96.5%
female: 93.6% (2018)
West Bank
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.2%
male: 98.7%
female: 95.7% (2018)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

World
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.3%
male: 89.8%
female: 82.8% (2016 est.) (2018)

note: more than three-quarters of the world's 750 million illiterate adults are found in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa; of all the illiterate adults in the world, almost two-thirds are women (2016)

Yemen
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 70.1%
male: 85.1%
female: 55% (2015)
Zambia
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 86.7%
male: 90.6%
female: 83.1% (2018)
Zimbabwe
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 86.5%
male: 88.5%
female: 84.6% (2015)

Source: CIA Factbook