Commodities are raw materials essential for the production of more complex products. Commodities fall into three large categories: agricultural, energy, and metals.
According to this visualization, emerging economies (Brazil, Russia, India Indonesia, China, South Africa, etc.) have the largest reserves of certain key energy and metal commodities such as oil, coal, copper, cobalt, iron ore, molybdenum, nickel, zinc, and aluminum.
This map created as part of the WomenStats Project, is aimed at determining the relationship of security and behavior of states and the security of women living in those states. It has built a global database of the status of women worldwide, with data from 174 countries.
As seen in the map for the year 2009, countries where women experience lack of physical security include India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Indonesia and other Muslim countries in Asia and Africa. In the Americas, Peru seems to be the place were women lack physical security the most. The darkest color in the map indicates the highest degree of lack of physical security for women.
El tipo de cambio del nuevo sol peruano con respecto al dólar americano se mantuvo relativamente constante, con un valor entre 3.6 y 3.0 para el periodo 2000-2007.
Entre diciembre 2007 y septiembre 2008 el tipo de cambio cayó por debajo de 3.0 nuevos soles por 1 USD. A partir de octubre 2008 el tipo de cambio empezó a depreciarse nuevamente pasando por encima de los 3.0 nuevos soles por dólar. Desde mayo del 2009 el nuevo sol empezó a apreciarse otra vez.
The Peruvian nuevo sol has maintained a relatively stable exchange rate between 3.6 and 3.0 with respect to the US dollar for the period 2000-2007.
Between December 2007 and September 2008 the exchange rate fell below 3.0 nuevos soles per 1 USD, a rate not seen since 1997. As of October 2008 the nuevo sol started to depreciate again, passing the 3.0 mark. Since May 2009 the nuevo sol has been falling again.