Tag Archives: malaria

Major Causes of Death in the 20th Century

This visualization by Information is Beautiful shows the major causes of death for the 20th century.

According to the data in this graphic, the most common causes of death were non-communicable diseases (excluding cancer) such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, respiratory diseases, neuro-mental illness, and digestive illness; infectious diseases such as smallpox, diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis, and respiratory diseases; death caused by humans such as murder, war, suicides, air pollution, drugs, and accidents; health complications, and cancer.


Mortality Numbers for Children Under Five

In 2011, 6.9 million children under five years old died around the globe from different causes ranging from pneumonia, malaria, diarrhea, HIV/AIDS, meningitis, to all kinds of injuries.

The number of deaths of children under five has decreased by 59% in the last forty years, from 16.9 million back in 1970 to 6.9 million in 2011. That is good news for the world in general; however, there are still regions in the planet where under-five mortality rates have changed hardly at all. That is the case of Africa, where countries with the highest under-five mortality rates include Sierra Leone, Somalia, Mali, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau, and Angola. In other parts of the world, countries with high under-five mortality rates include Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Haiti and Bolivia.

Income is a critical factor influencing under-five mortality rates, as shown in the graph above. The larger the income per capita of a nation, the lower the mortality rate. Such is the case of developed economies like Luxembourg or Norway, in stark contrast with developing countries like Somalia or Sierra Leone, where income per capita is very low.

Source: Health Intelligence: Under-five Mortality dashboard


Malaria Around the World

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Malaria, a mosquito-borne infectious disease, affects 100 countries worldwide. It is mostly present in semi-tropical and tropical poor areas of Africa, South and Central America, and Asia. Of the 100 affected countries, 35 are located in Africa. Africa is the region most affected because its hot and humid weather makes transmission possible all year round. Lack of resources makes prevention and control of the disease very difficult. 89% of the malaria deaths worldwide occur in Africa.

Related Links:


World Malaria Day

Today is World Malaria Day, a day for recognizing the global effort to provide effective prevention and treatment of malaria. We currently have two thematic maps which help illustrate the impact of malaria on the population of our planet:

Learn more about the fight against malaria at the Roll Back Malaria site.