School enrollment, primary, female (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 145.21 2017
2 Malawi 143.10 2018
3 Madagascar 143.06 2018
4 Gabon 137.69 2011
5 Rwanda 132.13 2018
6 Sweden 127.45 2017
7 Nauru 123.17 2016
8 Burundi 122.18 2018
9 Togo 121.52 2018
10 India 121.13 2017
11 United Arab Emirates 121.12 2017
12 Bangladesh 120.75 2018
13 Nicaragua 120.12 2010
14 Benin 117.96 2018
15 Lesotho 117.76 2017
16 San Marino 116.89 2018
17 Tonga 115.99 2015
18 Tunisia 114.93 2018
19 Sierra Leone 114.69 2018
20 Guinea-Bissau 114.46 2010
21 Iran 113.88 2017
22 Costa Rica 113.81 2018
23 Brazil 113.41 2017
24 Timor-Leste 113.21 2018
25 Dominica 113.15 2016
26 Colombia 112.76 2018
27 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 112.76 2018
28 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 112.74 2018
29 Haiti 111.88 1998
30 Vietnam 111.85 2018
31 Morocco 111.51 2018
32 Hong Kong SAR, China 111.16 2018
33 Congo 110.51 2012
34 Samoa 110.43 2018
35 Eswatini 110.35 2017
36 Argentina 109.63 2017
37 Myanmar 109.12 2017
38 Albania 109.11 2018
39 Belize 108.73 2018
40 Zimbabwe 108.71 2013
41 Suriname 108.71 2018
42 Grenada 108.67 2017
43 Oman 108.57 2018
44 Uruguay 108.51 2016
45 Mozambique 108.41 2018
46 Vanuatu 107.78 2015
47 Dem. Rep. Congo 107.58 2015
48 Algeria 107.30 2018
49 Kyrgyz Republic 107.21 2018
50 St. Kitts and Nevis 107.09 2016
51 Kazakhstan 106.77 2018
52 Libya 106.60 2006
53 Egypt 106.50 2018
54 Cambodia 106.08 2018
55 Mexico 106.03 2017
56 Malaysia 106.01 2017
57 Solomon Islands 105.99 2018
58 Angola 105.89 2015
59 Philippines 105.52 2017
60 Israel 105.38 2017
61 Fiji 105.22 2016
62 Palau 105.20 2014
63 Malta 105.10 2016
64 Peru 105.08 2018
65 São Tomé and Principe 105.00 2017
66 Kiribati 104.86 2017
67 Switzerland 104.82 2017
68 Antigua and Barbuda 104.60 2018
69 Indonesia 104.59 2018
70 Qatar 104.39 2018
71 Portugal 104.36 2017
72 Trinidad and Tobago 104.35 2010
73 Andorra 104.33 1983
74 Netherlands 104.22 2017
75 Ghana 104.21 2018
76 Ecuador 104.16 2017
77 Germany 104.16 2017
78 Uganda 104.13 2017
79 Dominican Republic 103.97 2017
80 Belgium 103.96 2017
81 Lithuania 103.86 2017
82 Brunei 103.59 2018
83 Spain 103.58 2017
84 Papua New Guinea 103.57 2016
85 Uzbekistan 103.43 2018
86 Kenya 103.40 2016
87 Liechtenstein 103.38 2016
88 Seychelles 103.32 2018
89 St. Lucia 103.16 2018
90 Paraguay 103.02 2012
91 Austria 102.97 2017
92 Mongolia 102.79 2018
93 Mauritania 102.75 2018
94 Mauritius 102.49 2018
95 The Gambia 102.46 2018
96 Russia 102.34 2017
97 France 102.22 2017
98 Botswana 102.06 2015
99 Luxembourg 102.00 2017
100 United States 101.42 2017
101 United Kingdom 101.01 2017
102 Czech Republic 100.96 2017
103 Denmark 100.93 2017
104 China 100.83 2018
105 Canada 100.82 2017
106 Ireland 100.69 2017
107 Singapore 100.57 2017
108 Slovenia 100.57 2017
109 Guatemala 100.54 2018
110 Hungary 100.50 2017
111 Cabo Verde 100.46 2018
112 Belarus 100.38 2018
113 Lao PDR 100.36 2018
114 Iceland 100.35 2017
115 Saudi Arabia 100.35 2018
116 Australia 100.33 2017
117 Serbia 100.32 2018
118 Italy 100.28 2017
119 Tajikistan 100.27 2017
120 Bhutan 100.22 2018
121 Norway 100.22 2017
122 New Zealand 100.20 2017
123 Ukraine 100.11 2014
124 Macao SAR, China 100.07 2018
125 Poland 100.05 2017
126 Azerbaijan 100.01 2018
127 Chile 99.94 2017
128 Zambia 99.90 2017
129 Sri Lanka 99.90 2017
130 Finland 99.89 2017
131 Thailand 99.62 2017
132 Cuba 99.59 2018
133 Greece 99.57 2017
134 Latvia 99.47 2017
135 Cyprus 99.29 2015
136 Georgia 99.23 2018
137 South Africa 99.14 2017
138 Iraq 99.11 2007
139 Bahrain 98.75 2018
140 Slovak Republic 98.44 2017
141 Croatia 98.41 2016
142 Montenegro 98.12 2017
143 Cameroon 98.01 2018
144 Korea 97.96 2017
145 Barbados 97.47 2018
146 Estonia 97.25 2017
147 Comoros 97.24 2017
148 Kuwait 97.22 2018
149 Bolivia 96.92 2017
150 Ethiopia 96.09 2015
151 Guyana 96.02 2012
152 Venezuela 96.00 2017
153 Côte d'Ivoire 95.98 2018
154 Tanzania 95.39 2018
155 Burkina Faso 95.28 2018
156 El Salvador 94.47 2017
157 North Macedonia 94.05 2015
158 Panama 93.35 2017
159 Armenia 92.70 2018
160 Turkey 92.67 2017
161 Honduras 91.51 2017
162 Moldova 90.65 2018
163 Bulgaria 90.59 2016
164 Lebanon 90.58 1985
165 Central African Republic 89.37 2016
166 Jamaica 88.88 2018
167 Turkmenistan 87.53 2014
168 Yemen 87.10 2016
169 Romania 86.34 2016
170 Senegal 86.10 2018
171 Pakistan 85.86 2018
172 Liberia 84.71 2017
173 Puerto Rico 82.84 2016
174 Afghanistan 82.66 2017
175 Tuvalu 82.46 2018
176 Guinea 82.36 2016
177 Nigeria 82.18 2016
178 The Bahamas 81.73 2016
179 Jordan 80.71 2018
180 Syrian Arab Republic 80.20 2013
181 Chad 75.47 2016
182 Djibouti 75.11 2019
183 Sudan 74.41 2017
184 Mali 71.60 2018
185 Niger 69.24 2017
186 Eritrea 63.20 2017
187 Equatorial Guinea 61.59 2015
188 Somalia 16.63 2007

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual